Generic Name: sodium iodide (SOE dee um EYE oh dide)Brand names: Iodopen, Iodides
Sodium iodide is a salt that is formed into an injectable medicine.
Sodium iodide is used to treat or prevent iodine deficiency caused by poor nutrition or poor absorption by the body.
Sodium iodide may also be used to treat a thyroid disorder.
Sodium iodide may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Before using sodium iodide, tell your doctor if you have kidney disease, tuberculosis, a blood vessel disorder, a goiter, or a thyroid disorder that is not being treated with sodium iodide.This medication may cause thyroid problems in an unborn baby, but the medication may sometimes be used during pregnancy. Your doctor should determine whether or not this medication is safe or if it will harm the unborn baby. Before you use sodium iodide, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. Serious side effects include swollen glands or swelling in your throat, severe headache, fast or pounding heart rate, feeling short of breath, or numbness or tingly feeling in your hands or feet. Sodium iodide may be only part of a complete program of treatment that also includes a special diet. It is very important to follow the diet plan created for you by your doctor or nutrition counselor. You should become very familiar with the list of foods you must eat to help control your condition.
If you have certain conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use this medication. Before using sodium iodide, tell your doctor if you have:
a blood vessel disorder such as vasculitis (swelling of your blood vessels);
a goiter; or
a thyroid disorder (unless you are being treated for thyroid disorder with sodium iodide).
Use this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use it in larger amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.
Sodium iodide injection is given as an injection through a needle placed into a vein. Your doctor, nurse, or other healthcare provider will give you this injection. You may be shown how to use your medicine at home. Do not self-inject this medicine if you do not fully understand how to give the injection and properly dispose of needles, IV tubing, and other items used in giving the medicine.
Use each disposable needle only one time. Throw away used needles in a puncture-proof container (ask your pharmacist where you can get one and how to dispose of it). Keep this container out of the reach of children and pets.Sodium iodide may be only part of a complete program of treatment that also includes a special diet. It is very important to follow the diet plan created for you by your doctor or nutrition counselor. You should become very familiar with the list of foods you must eat to help control your condition. Store sodium iodide at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
Overdose symptoms may include extreme weakness, burning or metallic taste in your mouth, or fast heart rate.
Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity while you are using sodium iodide.
swollen glands or swelling in your throat;
fast, pounding, or uneven heart rate;
feeling short of breath; or
numbness, burning, pain, or tingly feeling in your hands or feet.
Less serious side effects may include:
unusual or unpleasant taste or burning in your mouth or throat;
mild skin rash or itching;
tender gums, tooth pain, mouth soreness;
changes in your menstrual periods.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Tell your doctor about all other medications you use, especially:
medicines that contain iodine such as Betadine;
lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid);
sodium iodide I-131 (Iodotope); or
medications to treat overactive thyroid, such as methimazole (Tapazole), propylthiouracil ("PTU"), and others.
This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with sodium iodide. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.