Sotalol Generic Name:
Sotalol (SOE-ta-lol)Brand Name:
Because Sotalol may sometimes cause an abnormal or irregular heartbeat, patients who begin taking Sotalol should be observed in a hospital or similar setting in which heart and kidney function monitoring may be performed for at least 3 days after starting Sotalol . Close monitoring of your heart or kidney function may also be needed if your dose is changed. Do not change from one brand or generic version of Sotalol to another without consulting your doctor or pharmacist.
Sotalol is used for:
Treating certain types of irregular heartbeat (ventricular arrhythmias). It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Sotalol is a beta-blocker. It works by helping the heart beat regularly for a longer period of time.
Do NOT use Sotalol if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in Sotalol
- you have certain heart problems (eg, severe low heart rate, uncontrolled heart failure, certain types of abnormal heartbeat rhythm), low blood potassium or magnesium levels, severe kidney problems, or a history of asthma
- you are taking cisapride, astemizole, terfenadine, mibefradil, dofetilide, or a theophylline (eg, aminophylline)
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using Sotalol :
Some medical conditions may interact with Sotalol . Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have breathing or lung problems (eg, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder [COPD], asthma), a decreased appetite, an overactive thyroid, kidney problems, bronchitis, diabetes, blood flow problems, a tumor on your adrenal gland, or other heart problems
- if you are scheduled for surgery
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Sotalol . Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Indomethacin or phenylpropanolamine because they may decrease Sotalol 's effectiveness
- Clonidine, diltiazem, mibefradil, nifedipine, or verapamil because the risk of side effects, such as low blood pressure or heart problems, may be increased
- Amiodarone, antiarrhythmics (eg, quinidine, propafenone), arsenic, cisapride , dofetilide, droperidol, H1 antagonists (eg, astemizole, terfenadine), ketanserin, macrolides and ketolides (eg, erythromycin, azithromycin), mefloquine, phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (eg, sildenafil), phenothiazines (eg, thioridazine), quinolones (eg, ciprofloxacin), or ziprasidone because the risk of abnormal heart rhythms may be increased
- Bupivacaine, cocaine, epinephrine, insulin, lidocaine, meglitinide antidiabetics (eg, nateglinide), nifedipine, or quinazolines (eg, prazosin) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Sotalol
- Certain stimulants (eg, albuterol, pseudoephedrine), phenformin, or theophyllines (eg, aminophylline) because their effectiveness may be decreased by Sotalol
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Sotalol may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use Sotalol :
Use Sotalol as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take Sotalol by mouth with or without food. Try to take it the same way (either with food or without food) each time you take your dose. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you have questions about taking Sotalol with food.
- Do not take an antacid that has aluminum or magnesium in it within 2 hours before or after you take Sotalol .
- Taking Sotalol at the same time each day will help you remember to take it.
- Continue to use Sotalol even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
- If you miss a dose of Sotalol , skip the missed dose. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Sotalol .
Important safety information:
- Sotalol may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or lightheadedness. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Sotalol with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Sotalol may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Sotalol before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Do not suddenly stop taking Sotalol . Sharp chest pain, irregular heartbeat, and sometimes heart attack may occur if you suddenly stop Sotalol . The risk may be greater if you have certain types of heart disease. Heart disease is common and you may not know you have it. Your doctor should slowly lower your dose over several weeks if you need to stop taking it. Limit physical activity while you are lowering your dose. If new or worsened chest pain or other heart problems occur, contact your doctor right away. You may need to start taking Sotalol again.
- Lab tests, including heart function, kidney function, and blood pressure monitoring, may be performed while you use Sotalol . These tests may be used to monitor your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to keep all doctor and lab appointments.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Sotalol while you are pregnant. Sotalol is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Sotalol .
Possible side effects of Sotalol :
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Dizziness; drowsiness; headache; light-headedness; tiredness; trouble sleeping.Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); abnormally fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; changes in vision; decreased appetite; excessive thirst; numbness of an arm or leg; severe or persistent nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea; severe stomach pain; sharp or crushing chest pain; sudden leg pain; sudden severe headache, vomiting, dizziness, or fainting; sudden shortness of breath; unusual sweating.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center (http://www.aapcc.org), or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include difficulty breathing; dizziness; fainting; fatigue; severe weakness; slow heartbeat.Proper storage of Sotalol :
Store Sotalol at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Sotalol out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about Sotalol , please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Sotalol is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Sotalol . If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Sotalol Prescribing Information (FDA)
- sotalol Concise Consumer Information (Cerner Multum)
- sotalol Advanced Consumer (Micromedex) - Includes Dosage Information
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