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Drugs reference index «Boostrix»

Boostrix
Boostrix
Boostrix


Boostrix

Generic Name: diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis booster vaccine (Intramuscular route)

ree-DOOST dif-THEER-ee-a TOX-oyd, TET-n-us TOX-oyd, per-TUS-iss vak-seen, a-SELL-yoo-lar

Commonly used brand name(s):

In the U.S.

  • Adacel
  • Boostrix

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Suspension

Therapeutic Class: Vaccine

Uses For Boostrix

Diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis booster vaccine (also known as Tdap) is a combination immunizing agent given by injection to protect against infections caused by diphtheria, tetanus (lockjaw), and pertussis (whooping cough). This vaccine is given to children 10 years of age and older, and to adults who have already been given this vaccine in the past. The vaccine will "boost" or increase the protection that the child or adult had from the earlier dose.

Diphtheria is a serious illness that can cause breathing difficulties, heart problems, nerve damage, pneumonia, and possibly death. The risk of serious complications and death is greater in very young children and in the elderly.

Tetanus (also known as lockjaw) is a serious illness that causes convulsions (seizures) and severe muscle spasms that can be strong enough to cause bone fractures of the spine. Tetanus causes death in 30 to 40 percent of cases.

Pertussis (also known as whooping cough) is a serious disease that causes severe spells of coughing that can interfere with breathing. Pertussis also can cause pneumonia, long-lasting bronchitis, seizures, brain damage, and death.

Children 10 years of age and older, and adults, may need an additional immunization called a booster against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. Adults and teenagers should receive Tdap instead of the tetanus-diphtheria (Td) injection if it has been 10 years or more since their last tetanus-diphtheria vaccination. Tdap vaccination is recommended for adults who are in close contact with a baby who is less than a year old and for adults who work in the healthcare field.

Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis are serious diseases that can cause life-threatening illnesses. Although some serious side effects can occur after a dose of Tdap (usually from the pertussis vaccine part), this rarely happens. The chance of your child catching one of these diseases, and being permanently injured or dying as a result, is much greater than the chance of your child getting a serious side effect from the Tdap vaccine.

This vaccine is to be administered only by or under the supervision of your doctor or other health care professional.

Before Using Boostrix

In deciding to use a vaccine, the risks of taking the vaccine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this vaccine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Boostrix® is not used in children younger than 10 years of age. Adacel™ is not used in children younger than 11 years of age.

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has recommended that teenagers be given a Tdap vaccination instead of the tetanus-diphtheria (Td) vaccination. The committee is also encouraging all teenagers, even those who have already received Td, to get a Tdap booster to help protect against pertussis (e.g., whooping cough). If you have questions about whether your teenager should receive Tdap, contact your doctor.

Geriatric

Adacel™ and Boostrix® are not recommended for adults 65 years of age and older.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersCAnimal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breast Feeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this vaccine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Allergic reaction to a previous dose of Tdap or
  • Brain disease (decreased level of consciousness, uncontrolled seizures) or
  • Fever—May make these conditions worse or increase the chance of side effects.
  • Bleeding disorders (hemophilia, thrombocytopenia)—Should not use in patients with this condition.
  • Epilepsy (seizures or convulsions), history of or
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome (nervous system disorder that causes paralysis), history of or
  • Nervous system disorder—Your doctor will decide if you should receive this vaccine.
  • Weakened immune system—This vaccine may not work as well in patients with this condition.

Proper Use of diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis booster vaccine

This section provides information on the proper use of a number of products that contain diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis booster vaccine. It may not be specific to Boostrix. Please read with care.

A nurse or other trained health professional will give you or your child this vaccine. This vaccine is given as a shot into one of your muscles.

The Adacel™ brand of Tdap vaccine should only be given to adults, teenagers, and children 11 to 64 years of age.

The Boostrix® brand of Tdap vaccine should only be given to adults, teenagers, and children 10 to 64 years of age.

At the time of the Tdap injection, your doctor may give your child a dose of acetaminophen (Tylenol®) or another medicine that prevents fever. This is to help prevent some of the side effects of Tdap. Your doctor may also want your child to take this medicine every 4 hours for the 24 hours after your child receives the vaccine. Check with your doctor if you have any questions.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For injection dosage form:
    • For prevention of diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis:
      • Adults and children 11 to 64 years of age—One single dose of Adacel™ brand vaccine.
      • Adults and children 10 to 64 years of age—One single dose of Boostrix® brand vaccine.
      • Children up to 10 years of age—Contact your child's doctor. Your infant or child should receive a different diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis vaccine called DTaP.

Precautions While Using Boostrix

It is very important to tell the doctor if you or your child are allergic to rubber. The syringes of the Boostrix® brand of Tdap vaccine contain dry natural latex rubber, which may cause an allergic reaction if you or your child has a latex allergy.

Be sure to tell your child's doctor about any side effects that occur after your child receives the vaccine. This may include fainting, seizures, fever, crying that will not stop, or severe redness or swelling where the shot was given.

Boostrix Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Less common
  • Collapse
  • crying for 3 or more hours
Rare
  • Confusion
  • convulsions (seizures)
  • difficulty with breathing or swallowing
  • fever of 102.2 °F or more
  • headache (severe or continuing)
  • hives
  • itching, especially of the feet or hands
  • low blood pressure
  • reddening of the skin, especially around the ears
  • seizures (convulsions)
  • shock-like state
  • sleepiness (unusual and continuing)
  • swelling of the eyes, face, or inside of the nose
  • unusual tiredness, weakness (sudden and severe)
  • vomiting (severe or continuing)
Incidence not known
  • Blood in the urine
  • bloody or black, tarry stools
  • blurred vision
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • chills
  • dry mouth
  • fast heartbeat
  • fatigue
  • flushed, dry skin
  • fruit-like breath odor
  • increased hunger
  • increased thirst
  • increased urination
  • large, flat, blue or purplish patches on the skin
  • loss of consciousness
  • nausea
  • painful knees and ankles
  • raised red swellings on the skin, buttocks, legs or ankles
  • stiff neck
  • stomach pain
  • stomachache
  • sweating
  • unexplained weight loss

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
  • Diarrhea
  • fever of 99.5 °F or more
  • lump at place of injection (may be present for a few weeks after injection)
  • redness, swelling, tenderness, or pain at place of injection
Less common
  • Fever between 102.2 °F and 104 °F
Rare
  • Skin rash
  • swollen glands on the side of the neck after Tdap injection into the arm
Incidence not known
  • Back pain
  • burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles," or tingling feelings
  • injection site bruising
  • itching skin
  • muscle or joint pain
  • redness of the skin
  • swollen, painful, or tender lymph glands in the neck, armpit, or groin
  • weakness of the muscles in the face
  • welts

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

The information contained in the Thomson Healthcare (Micromedex) products as delivered by Drugs.com is intended as an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatment. It is not a substitute for a medical exam, nor does it replace the need for services provided by medical professionals. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before taking any prescription or over the counter drugs (including any herbal medicines or supplements) or following any treatment or regimen. Only your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist can provide you with advice on what is safe and effective for you.

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