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Drugs reference index «brimonidine and timolol Ophthalmic»

brimonidine and timolol Ophthalmic
brimonidine and timolol Ophthalmic


brimonidine and timolol (Ophthalmic route)

Brimonidine Tartrate, TIM-oh-lol MAL-ee-ate

Commonly used brand name(s):

In the U.S.

  • Combigan

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Solution

Pharmacologic Class: Brimonidine

Uses For brimonidine and timolol

Brimonidine and timolol combination is used to treat increased pressure in the eye that is caused by glaucoma or a condition called ocular (eye) hypertension. brimonidine and timolol contains an alpha-adrenergic agonist (brimonidine) and a beta-blocker (timolol) .

brimonidine and timolol is available only with your doctor's prescription .

Before Using brimonidine and timolol

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For brimonidine and timolol, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to brimonidine and timolol or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of brimonidine and timolol in children under 2 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established .

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatrics-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of brimonidine and timolol in the elderly .

Pregnancy

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersCAnimal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breast Feeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Using brimonidine and timolol with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Albuterol
  • Amiodarone
  • Arformoterol
  • Bambuterol
  • Bitolterol
  • Broxaterol
  • Clenbuterol
  • Clonidine
  • Colterol
  • Diltiazem
  • Dronedarone
  • Epinephrine
  • Fenoldopam
  • Fenoterol
  • Fentanyl
  • Formoterol
  • Hexoprenaline
  • Isoetharine
  • Levalbuterol
  • Metaproterenol
  • Pirbuterol
  • Procaterol
  • Reproterol
  • Rimiterol
  • Ritodrine
  • Salmeterol
  • Terbutaline
  • Tretoquinol
  • Tulobuterol
  • Verapamil

Using brimonidine and timolol with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Acarbose
  • Acetohexamide
  • Alfuzosin
  • Amlodipine
  • Arbutamine
  • Benfluorex
  • Bunazosin
  • Chlorpropamide
  • Cimetidine
  • Digoxin
  • Doxazosin
  • Felodipine
  • Gliclazide
  • Glimepiride
  • Glipizide
  • Gliquidone
  • Glyburide
  • Guar Gum
  • Insulin
  • Insulin Aspart, Recombinant
  • Insulin Glulisine
  • Insulin Lispro, Recombinant
  • Lacidipine
  • Lercanidipine
  • Manidipine
  • Metformin
  • Methyldopa
  • Mibefradil
  • Miglitol
  • Moxisylyte
  • Nicardipine
  • Nifedipine
  • Nilvadipine
  • Nimodipine
  • Nisoldipine
  • Nitrendipine
  • Phenoxybenzamine
  • Phentolamine
  • Pranidipine
  • Prazosin
  • Quinidine
  • Repaglinide
  • St John's Wort
  • Tamsulosin
  • Terazosin
  • Tolazamide
  • Tolbutamide
  • Trimazosin
  • Troglitazone
  • Urapidil

Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of brimonidine and timolol. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Asthma or
  • Bradycardia (slow heartbeat) or
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), severe or
  • Heart block or
  • Heart failure—Should not use in patients with these conditions .
  • Blood vessel disorder (e.g., Raynaud's phenomenon, thromboangiitis obliterans) or
  • Depression or
  • Heart disease or
  • Orthostatic hypotension (dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up from lying or sitting position) or
  • Stroke, history of—Use with caution. brimonidine and timolol may worsen these conditions .
  • Diabetes or
  • Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) or
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)—May cover up some of the signs and symptoms of these diseases, such as a fast heartbeat .
  • Lung disease—Use with caution. May cause difficulty with breathing in patients with this condition .
  • Myasthenia gravis—May worsen symptoms of this condition, such as muscle weakness .

Proper Use of brimonidine and timolol

Shake the medicine well just before each use .

To use the eye drops (solution):

  • First, wash your hands. Tilt the head back and, pressing your finger gently on the skin just beneath the lower eyelid, pull the lower eyelid away from the eye to make a space. Drop the medicine into this space. Let go of the eyelid and gently close the eyes. Do not blink. Keep the eyes closed and apply pressure to the inner corner of the eye with your finger for 1 or 2 minutes to allow the medicine to be absorbed by the eye.
  • Immediately after using the medicine, wash your hands to remove any medicine that may be on them.
  • To keep the medicine as germ-free as possible, do not touch the applicator tip to any surface (including the eye). Also, keep the container tightly closed. Serious damage to the eye and possible loss of vision may result from using contaminated eye medicines .

You should not use brimonidine and timolol if you have contact lenses in your eyes. Remove your contact lenses before you use brimonidine and timolol .

If your doctor ordered two different eye medicines to be used together, wait at least 5 minutes before using the second medicine. This will help prevent the second medicine from “washing out” the first one .

Dosing

The dose of brimonidine and timolol will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of brimonidine and timolol. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For ophthalmic solution dosage form (eye drops):
    • For glaucoma or ocular hypertension:
      • Adults—One drop in the affected eye(s) two times a day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor .

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of brimonidine and timolol, apply it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions While Using brimonidine and timolol

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure brimonidine and timolol is working properly and to check for unwanted effects .

If itching, redness, swelling, or other signs of eye or eyelid irritation occur, stop using brimonidine and timolol and check with your doctor. These signs may mean that you are allergic to brimonidine and timolol .

brimonidine and timolol may cause heart failure in some patients. Check with your doctor right away if you are having chest pain or discomfort; dilated neck veins; extreme fatigue; irregular breathing; an irregular heartbeat; shortness of breath; swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs; weight gain; or wheezing .

brimonidine and timolol may cause changes in your blood sugar levels. Also, brimonidine and timolol may cover up signs of low blood sugar, such as a rapid pulse rate. Check with your doctor if you have these problems or if you notice a change in the results of your blood or urine sugar tests .

Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using brimonidine and timolol. You may need to stop using brimonidine and timolol several days before having surgery .

brimonidine and timolol may cause blurred vision or other vision problems that may last for several minutes after you put them in your eye. If any of these occur, do not drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are not able to see well. If these eye changes are bothersome, check with your doctor .

brimonidine and timolol Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
  • Burning, dry or itching eyes
  • discharge, excessive tearing
  • redness, pain, swelling of eye, eyelid, or inner lining of eyelid
  • stinging in the eyes
  • tiny bumps on lining of eyelid
Less common
  • Blurred or loss of vision
  • disturbed color perception
  • dizziness
  • double vision
  • feeling of having something in the eye
  • halos around lights
  • headache
  • nervousness
  • night blindness
  • overbright appearance of lights
  • pounding in the ears
  • sensitivity of eyes to light
  • slow, fast, or irregular heartbeat
  • tunnel vision
  • watery eye

Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:

Symptoms of overdose
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • cough
  • difficulty breathing
  • lightheadedness, dizziness or fainting
  • no blood pressure or pulse
  • noisy breathing
  • shortness of breath
  • stopping of heart
  • tightness in chest
  • unconsciousness
  • wheezing

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common
  • Discouragement
  • dry mouth
  • feeling sad or empty
  • irritability
  • lack of appetite
  • lack or loss of strength
  • loss of interest or pleasure
  • sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
  • tiredness
  • trouble concentrating
  • trouble sleeping

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

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