Generic name: CefprozilBrand names: Cefzil
Cefzil, a cephalosporin antibiotic, is prescribed for mild to moderately severe bacterial infections of the throat, ear, sinuses, respiratory tract, and skin. Among these infections are strep throat, tonsillitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia.
If you are allergic to penicillin or cephalosporin antibiotics in any form, consult your doctor before taking Cefzil. An allergy to either type of medication may signal an allergy to Cefzil; and if a reaction occurs, it could be extremely severe. If you take the drug and feel signs of a reaction, seek medical attention immediately.
Your doctor will only prescribe Cefzil to treat a bacterial infection; it will not cure a viral infection, such as the common cold. It's important to take the full dosage schedule of Cefzil, even if you're feeling better in a few days. Not completing the full dosage schedule may decrease the drug's effectiveness and increase the chances that the bacteria may become resistant to Cefzil and similar antibiotics.
Cefzil works fastest when taken on an empty stomach, but can be taken with food to avoid stomach upset.
Cefzil oral suspension should be shaken well before using.
Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, notify your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine whether it is safe for you to continue taking Cefzil.
The most common side effect is nausea.
Although not reported for Cefzil, similar antibiotics have been known occasionally to have severe side effects such as anaphylaxis (a severe allergic reaction), skin rash with blisters, Stevens-Johnson syndrome (a rare skin condition characterized by severe blisters and bleeding in the lips, eyes, mouth, nose, and genitals), and "serum-sickness" (itchy rash, fever, and pain in the joints).
If you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to Cefzil or other cephalosporin antibiotics, do not take Cefzil. Make sure your doctor is aware of any drug reactions you have experienced.
Cefzil occasionally causes colitis (inflammation of the bowel) leading to diarrhea. Some diarrhea medications can make this diarrhea worse. Check with your doctor before taking any diarrhea remedy.
Oral contraceptives may not work properly while you are taking Cefzil. For greater certainty, use other measures while taking Cefzil.
Your doctor will check your kidney function before and during your treatment with Cefzil.
Use Cefzil with caution if you are taking a strong diuretic, or if you have ever had stomach and intestinal disease, particularly colitis.
If new infections (called superinfections) occur, talk to your doctor. You may need to be treated with a different antibiotic.
Cefzil may alter the results of some urine sugar tests for diabetics. Your doctor can advise you of any adjustments you may need to make in your medication or diet.
When Cefzil is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Cefzil with the following:Certain other antibiotics such as amikacinCertain potent diuretics such as ethacrynic acid and furosemideOral contraceptivesProbenecidPropantheline
The effects of Cefzil during pregnancy have not been adequately studied. If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, inform your doctor immediately. Cefzil does appear in breast milk and could affect a nursing infant. If Cefzil is essential to your health, your doctor may advise you to stop breastfeeding until your treatment with Cefzil is finished.
Throat and Respiratory Tract Infections
The usual dose is 500 milligrams, taken once or twice a day for 10 days.
The usual dose is 250 milligrams every 12 hours for 10 days; for severe infections the dose is 500 milligrams.
The dosage is usually either 250 milligrams taken 2 times a day, or 500 milligrams taken once or twice a day for 10 days.
CHILDREN 2 TO 12 YEARS OF AGE
Throat Infections and Tonsillitis
The usual dose is 7.5 milligrams for each 2.2 pounds of body weight, taken 2 times a day for 10 days.
The usual dose is 20 milligrams for each 2.2 pounds of body weight, taken once a day for 10 days.
INFANTS AND CHILDREN 6 MONTHS
TO 12 YEARS OF AGE
The usual dose is 15 milligrams for each 2.2 pounds of body weight, taken 2 times a day for 10 days.
The usual dose is 7.5 milligrams for each 2.2 pounds of body weight every 12 hours for 10 days. For severe infections, the amount may be doubled.
Although no specific information is available, any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose of Cefzil, seek medical attention immediately.