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Drugs reference index «dorzolamide ophthalmic»

dorzolamide ophthalmic

Generic Name: dorzolamide ophthalmic (dor ZOL a mide)Brand Names: Trusopt

What is dorzolamide ophthalmic?

Dorzolamide reduces the amount of fluid in the eye, which decreases pressure inside the eye.

Dorzolamide ophthalmic (for the eyes) is used to treat open-angle glaucoma and other causes of high pressure inside the eye.

Dorzolamide ophthalmic may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about dorzolamide ophthalmic?Do not allow the dropper to touch any surface, including the eyes or hands. If the dropper becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye.

Do not use any other eye medication unless your doctor has prescribed it for you. If you use another eye medication, use it at least 10 minutes before or after using dorzolamide ophthalmic. Do not use the medications at the same time.

Dorzolamide ophthalmic can cause blurred vision. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using dorzolamide ophthalmic?You should not use this medication if you are allergic to dorzolamide (Trusopt).

Before using this medication, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have:

  • narrow-angle glaucoma;

  • kidney disease; or

  • liver disease.

If you have any of these conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use dorzolamide ophthalmic.

FDA pregnancy category C. This medication may be harmful to an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment. It is not known whether dorzolamide ophthalmic passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

How should I use dorzolamide ophthalmic?

Do not use this medication while you are wearing contact lenses. This medication may contain a preservative that can be absorbed by soft contact lenses. Wait at least 15 minutes after using the eye drops before putting your contact lenses in.

Use dorzolamide ophthalmic exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not use the medication in larger amounts, or use it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the instructions on your prescription label.

Wash your hands before using the eye drops.

To apply the eye drops:

  • Tilt your head back slightly and pull down on the lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the dropper above the eye with the dropper tip down. Look up and away from the dropper. Squeeze out a drop and close your eye. Gently press your finger to the inside corner of the eye (near the nose) for about 1 minute to keep the liquid from draining into your tear duct.

  • If you use the drops in both eyes, repeat the steps above in your other eye. Also wait at least 10 minutes before using any other eye drops that your doctor has prescribed.

Do not allow the dropper to touch any surface, including the eyes or hands. If the dropper becomes contaminated it could cause an infection in your eye, which can lead to vision loss or serious damage to the eye. Do not use this medicine if it has changed colors or has particles in it.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any eye injury or infection, or if you need to have any type of surgery, especially eye surgery. You may need to stop using dorzolamide ophthalmic for a short time.

Store this medication at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Use the medication as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and use the medicine at the next regularly scheduled time. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

Overdose symptoms may include dry mouth, increased thirst, drowsiness, restless feeling, confusion, nausea, vomiting, increased urination, muscle pain or weakness, fast heart rate, feeling light-headed, fainting, or seizure (convulsions).

What should I avoid while using dorzolamide ophthalmic?

Dorzolamide ophthalmic can cause blurred vision. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.

Do not use any other eye medication unless your doctor has prescribed it for you. If you use another eye medication, use it at least 10 minutes before or after using dorzolamide ophthalmic. Do not use the medications at the same time.

Dorzolamide ophthalmic side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using this medication and call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:
  • swelling or redness of your eyelids;

  • eye redness, pain, discomfort, or sensitivity to light;

  • drainage, crusting, or oozing of your eyes or eyelids;

  • fever, sore throat, and headache with a severe blistering, peeling, and red skin rash; or

  • stomach pain, loss of appetite, dark urine, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Less serious side effects may include:

  • burning or stinging in your eye;

  • bitter or unusual taste in your mouth;

  • blurred vision;

  • dry or watery eyes;

  • headache;

  • weakness, tired feeling;

  • nausea; or

  • dry mouth, sore throat.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Dorzolamide ophthalmic Dosing Information

Usual Adult Dose for Intraocular Hypertension:

Instill 1 drop in the affected eye(s) 3 times daily.

Usual Adult Dose for Glaucoma (Open Angle):

Instill 1 drop in the affected eye(s) 3 times daily.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Intraocular Hypertension:

Instill 1 drop in the affected eye(s) 3 times daily.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Glaucoma (Open Angle):

Instill 1 drop in the affected eye(s) 3 times daily.

What other drugs will affect dorzolamide ophthalmic?

Before using dorzolamide ophthalmic, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following drugs:

  • acetazolamide (Diamox);

  • dichlorphenamide (Daranide); or

  • methazolamide (Neptazane).

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with dorzolamide ophthalmic. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

  • Your pharmacist can provide more information about dorzolamide ophthalmic.
  • Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
  • Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Copyright 1996-2006 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 4.06. Revision Date: 4/12/2009 4:41:45 PM.

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