Generic Name: leuprolide (LOO proe lide)Brand Names: Eligard, Lupron, Lupron Depot, Lupron Depot-Gyn, Lupron Depot-Ped
Leuprolide is a man-made form of a hormone that regulates many processes in the body. Leuprolide overstimulates the body's own production of certain hormones, which causes that production to shut down temporarily. Leuprolide reduces the amount of testosterone in men or estrogen in women.
Leuprolide is used in men to treat the symptoms of prostate cancer. Leuprolide treats only the symptoms of prostate cancer and does not treat the cancer itself. Use any other medications your doctor has prescribed to best treat your condition.
Leuprolide is used in women to treat symptoms of endometriosis (overgrowth of uterine lining outside of the uterus) or uterine fibroids.
Leuprolide is also used to treat precocious (early-onset) puberty in both male and female children.
Leuprolide may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Before using leuprolide, tell your doctor if you have epilepsy, asthma, migraines, heart or kidney disease, a history of depression, bone cancer affecting your spine, blood in your urine, or if you are unable to urinate.
Tell your doctor if you have a personal or family history of osteoporosis, or if you have any risk factors for bone loss such as smoking, alcohol use, or taking steroid or seizure medications long term. Long-term use of this medication may decrease bone density, possibly leading to osteoporosis.Certain brands or strengths of leuprolide are used to treat only men and should not be used in women or children. Always check your medication to make sure you have received the correct brand and strength prescribed by your doctor.
abnormal vaginal bleeding that has not been diagnosed by a doctor; or
if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.
If you have any of these other conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use leuprolide:
a personal or family history of osteoporosis;
risk factors for bone loss such as smoking, alcohol use, or taking steroid or seizure medications long term;
a history of depression;
bone cancer affecting your spine;
blood in your urine; or
if you are unable to urinate.
Long-term use of this medication may decrease bone density, possibly leading to osteoporosis. Talk with your doctor about your possible risk for osteoporosis. You may need to receive a bone scan if you ever need to be re-treated with leuprolide in the future.
Leuprolide is given as an injection under the skin or into a muscle. Your doctor, nurse, or other healthcare provider will give you this injection. You may be shown how to inject your medicine at home. Do not self-inject this medicine if you do not fully understand how to give the injection and properly dispose of used needles and syringes.
This medication comes with patient instructions for safe and effective use. Follow these directions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
Leuprolide may be given once every month or once every 3 to 6 months. How often you receive this medication will depend on the condition being treated. Follow your doctor's instructions.
Because different brands or strengths of leuprolide are used to treat different conditions, it is very important that you receive exactly the brand and strength your doctor has prescribed. If you self-inject this medication at home, always check your medication to make sure you have received the correct brand and type prescribed by your doctor.Your symptoms may become temporarily worse as your hormones adjust when you first start using this medication. For best results, keep using the medication as instructed by your doctor. Your condition should eventually improve with continued use of leuprolide.
To be sure this medication is helping your condition, your blood may need to be tested often. This will help your doctor determine how long to treat you with leuprolide. You may still need blood tests for up to 3 months after you stop using leuprolide to check your hormone levels and pituitary gland function. Do not miss any scheduled appointments.Store Lupron in the original carton at room temperature, away from moisture and heat. Store Eligard in the refrigerator. Do not freeze. You may take the medicine out and allow it to reach room temperature before mixing and injecting your dose. After the dose is mixed, you must use the injection within 30 minutes.
Use each disposable needle only one time. Throw away used needles in a puncture-proof container (ask your pharmacist where you can get one and how to dispose of it). Keep this container out of the reach of children and pets.
Call your doctor for instructions if you miss a dose.
Women who miss more than one leuprolide dose may have breakthrough bleeding. Children who miss more than one dose may have a return of pubertal symptoms such as breast development, growth in the testicles, or menstrual periods.
Overdose symptoms may include weakness, or irritation where the leuprolide shot was given.
Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.
swelling, rapid weight gain;
pain, burning, stinging, bruising, or redness where the medication was injected;
feeling like you might pass out;
painful or difficult urination;
urinating more often than usual; or
sudden headache with vision problems, vomiting, confusion, slow heart rate, weak pulse, fainting, or slow breathing.
Rare but serious side effects may include:
pain or unusual sensations in your back;
numbness, weakness, or tingly feeling in your legs or feet;
muscle weakness or loss of use; and
loss of bowel or bladder control.
Less serious side effects may include:
acne, increased growth of facial hair;
breakthrough bleeding in a female child during the first 2 months of leuprolide treatment;
dizziness, weakness, tired feeling;
hot flashes, night sweats, chills, clammy skin;
nausea, diarrhea, constipation, stomach pain;
skin redness, itching, or scaling;
joint or muscle pain;
breast swelling or tenderness;
impotence, loss of interest in sex;
depression, sleep problems (insomnia), memory problems; or
redness, burning, itching, or swelling where the shot was given.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
There may be other drugs that can interact with leuprolide. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.