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Drugs reference index «Eligard»

Eligard
Eligard
Eligard


Eligard

Generic Name: leuprolide (Intramuscular route, Subcutaneous route, Intradermal route, Injection route)

LOO-proe-lide

Commonly used brand name(s):

In the U.S.

  • Eligard
  • Lupron
  • Lupron Depot
  • Lupron Depot-Ped
  • Viadur

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Powder for Solution
  • Powder for Suspension, 3 Month
  • Solution
  • Powder for Suspension, 1 Month
  • Kit
  • Powder for Suspension, 4 Month
  • Powder for Suspension
  • Powder for Suspension, 6 Month

Therapeutic Class: Antineoplastic Agent

Pharmacologic Class: Luteinizing Hormone Releasing Hormone Agonist

Uses For Eligard

Leuprolide may be used for a number of different medical problems. These include treatment of:

  • anemia caused by bleeding of uterine leiomyomas (tumors in the uterus);
  • cancer of the prostate gland in men;
  • central precocious puberty (CPP), a condition that causes early puberty in boys (before 9 years of age) and in girls (before 8 years of age);
  • pain due to endometriosis in women.

Leuprolide is similar to a hormone normally released from the hypothalamus gland.

When given regularly to men and boys, leuprolide decreases testosterone levels. Reducing the amount of testosterone in the body is one way of treating cancer of the prostate.

When given regularly to women and girls, leuprolide decreases estrogen levels. Reducing the amount of estrogen in the body is one way of treating endometriosis. By shrinking tumors in the uterus, leuprolide helps stop anemia by decreasing the vaginal bleeding from these tumors. Iron supplements should be used to help treat the anemia.

When given to boys and girls experiencing early puberty, leuprolide slows down the development of the genital areas in both sexes and breast development in girls. This medicine delays puberty in a child only as long as the child continues to receive it.

Suppressing estrogen can cause thinning of the bones or slowing of their growth. This is a problem for adult women whose bones are no longer growing like the bones of children. Slowing the growth of bones is a positive effect in girls and boys whose bones grow too fast when puberty begins too early. Boys and girls may benefit by adding inches to their adult height when leuprolide helps their bones grow at the proper and expected rate for children.

Leuprolide is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Once a medicine has been approved for marketing for a certain use, experience may show that it is also useful for other medical problems. Although this use is not included in product labeling, leuprolide is used in certain patients with the following medical condition:

  • Cancer of the breast

Before Using Eligard

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Leuprolide will stop having an effect on a child treated for central precocious puberty soon after the child stops using it, and puberty will advance normally. It is not known if using leuprolide around the time of puberty causes changes in boys' and girls' future abilities to have babies. Their chances of having children later are thought to be normal. It is especially important that you discuss with the child's doctor the good that this medicine may do as well as the risks of using it.

Geriatric

Many medicines have not been studied specifically in older people. Therefore, it may not be known whether they work exactly the same way they do in younger adults. Although there is no specific information comparing use of leuprolide in the elderly to use in other age groups, it is not expected to cause different side effects or problems in older people than it does in younger adults.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersXStudies in animals or pregnant women have demonstrated positive evidence of fetal abnormalities. This drug should not be used in women who are or may become pregnant because the risk clearly outweighs any possible benefit.

Breast Feeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Changes in vaginal bleeding from an unknown cause (for use for endometriosis or anemia due to tumors of the uterus)—Leuprolide may delay diagnosis or worsen condition. The reason for the bleeding should be determined before leuprolide is used
  • Conditions that increase the chances of developing thinning bones or
  • Osteoporosis (brittle bones), history of, or family history of—It is important that your doctor know if you already have an increased risk of osteoporosis. Some things that can increase your risk for having osteoporosis include cigarette smoking, alcohol abuse, and a family history of osteoporosis or easily broken bones. Some medicines, such as corticosteroids (cortisone-like medicines) or anticonvulsants (seizure medicine), can also cause thinning of the bones when used for a long time
  • Nerve problems caused by bone lesions in spine (for use for cancer of the prostate) and
  • Problems in passing urine (for use for cancer of the prostate)—Conditions may get worse for a short time after leuprolide treatment is started

Proper Use of leuprolide

This section provides information on the proper use of a number of products that contain leuprolide. It may not be specific to Eligard. Please read with care.

Leuprolide comes with patient directions. Read these instructions carefully .

Use the syringes provided in the kit. Other syringes may not provide the correct dose. These disposable syringes and needles are already sterilized and are designed to be used one time only and then discarded. If you have any questions about the use of disposable syringes, check with your health care professional.

Use this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more or less of it, and do not use it more often than your doctor ordered. The exact amount of medicine you need has been carefully worked out. Using too much may increase the chance of side effects, while using too little may not improve your condition.

For adult patients receiving leuprolide for anemia caused by tumors of the uterus or for endometriosis :

  • Leuprolide sometimes causes unwanted effects such as hot flashes or decreased interest in sex. It may also cause a temporary increase in pain when you first begin to use it. However, it is very important that you continue to use the medicine, even after you begin to feel better. Do not stop using this medicine without first checking with your doctor.

For adult patients receiving leuprolide for cancer of the prostate:

  • Leuprolide sometimes causes unwanted effects such as hot flashes or decreased sexual ability. It may also cause a temporary increase in pain or difficulty in urinating, as well as temporary numbness or tingling of hands or feet or weakness when you first begin to use it. However, it is very important that you continue to use the medicine, even after you begin to feel better. Do not stop using this medicine without first checking with your doctor.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For short-acting (daily) injection dosage forms:
    • For cancer of the prostate:
      • Adults—1 milligram (mg) injected under the skin once a day.
    • For central precocious puberty:
      • Children—Dose is based on body weight and must be determined by your doctor. It is injected under the skin once a day. The dose should be changed over time as weight changes.
  • For long-acting (1-month) injection dosage forms:
    • For anemia caused by tumors of the uterus:
      • Adults—3.75 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle once a month for up to three months.
    • For cancer of the prostate:
      • Adults—7.5 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle or under the skin (depending on the specific product used) once a month.
    • For central precocious puberty:
      • Children—Dose is based on body weight and must be determined by the doctor. It is injected into a muscle once a month. The dose should be changed over time as weight changes.
    • For endometriosis:
      • Adults—3.75 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle once a month for up to six months.
  • For long-acting (3-month) injection dosage forms:
    • For anemia caused by tumors of the uterus:
      • Adults—11.25 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle as a single injection to last for three months.
    • For cancer of the prostate:
      • Adults—22.5 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle or under the skin (depending on the specific product used) once every three months.
    • For endometriosis:
      • Adults—11.25 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle once every three months for up to six months.
  • For long-acting (4-month) injection dosage form:
    • For cancer of the prostate:
      • Adults—30 milligrams (mg) injected into a muscle or under the skin (depending on the specific product used) once every four months.
  • For long-acting (12-month) implant dosage form:
    • For cancer of the prostate:
      • Adults—one implant every 12 months.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Dispose of used syringes properly in the container provided.

Precautions While Using Eligard

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that this medicine is working properly and to check for unwanted effects.

For patients receiving leuprolide for endometriosis or for anemia caused by tumors of the uterus :

  • During the time you are receiving leuprolide, your menstrual period may not be regular or you may not have a menstrual period at all. This is to be expected when being treated with this medicine. If regular menstruation does not begin within 60 to 90 days after you stop receiving this medicine, check with your doctor.
  • During the time you are receiving leuprolide, you should use birth control methods that do not contain hormones. If you have any questions about this, check with your health care professional.
  • If you suspect you may have become pregnant, stop using this medicine and check with your doctor. There is a chance that continued use of leuprolide during pregnancy could cause birth defects or a miscarriage.

Eligard Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

For adultsLess common
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
Rare
  • Bone, muscle, or joint pain
  • fainting
  • fast or irregular breathing
  • numbness or tingling of hands or feet
  • puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes
  • shortness of breath
  • skin rash, hives, and/or itching
  • sudden, severe decrease in blood pressure and collapse
  • tightness in chest or wheezing
  • troubled breathing
For males only (adults)Rare
  • Pains in chest
  • pain in groin or legs (especially in calves of legs)
Unknown - Observed during clinical practice, estimates of frequency can not be determined
  • Altered mental status
  • cardiovascular collapse
  • double vision
  • visual changes
  • vomiting

Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:

For females only (adults)Rare
  • Anxiety
  • deepening of voice
  • increased hair growth
  • mental depression
  • mood changes
  • nervousness
For childrenRare
  • Body pain
  • burning, itching, redness, or swelling at place of injection
  • skin rash
For females only (children)—expected in first few weeksRare
  • Vaginal bleeding (continuing)
  • white vaginal discharge (continuing)

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

For adultsMore common
  • Sudden sweating and feelings of warmth (also called hot flashes)
Less common
  • Blurred vision
  • bleeding, bruising, burning, itching, pain, redness, or swelling at place of injection
  • decreased interest in sexual intercourse
  • dizziness
  • headache
  • nausea
  • swelling of feet or lower legs
  • swelling or increased tenderness of breasts
  • trouble in sleeping
  • weight gain
For females only (adults)More common
  • Light, irregular vaginal bleeding
  • stopping of menstrual periods
Less common
  • Burning, dryness, or itching of vagina
  • pelvic pain
For males only (adults)Less common
  • Bone pain
  • constipation
  • decreased size of testicles
  • inability to have or keep an erection

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

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  • Eligard Injection Kit MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
  • Eligard Consumer Overview
  • Eligard Prescribing Information (FDA)
  • Leuprolide Prescribing Information (FDA)
  • Leuprolide MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
  • Lupron MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
  • Lupron Consumer Overview
  • Lupron Depot Prescribing Information (FDA)
  • Lupron Depot MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)
  • Lupron Depot Detailed Consumer Information (PDR)
  • Viadur Prescribing Information (FDA)
  • Viadur Implant MedFacts Consumer Leaflet (Wolters Kluwer)

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