Commonly used brand name(s):
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Antihyperlipidemic
Pharmacologic Class: Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitor
The combination product of ezetimibe and simvastatin is used to lower cholesterol and triglyceride (fat-like substances) levels in the blood. Using ezetimibe and simvastatin may help prevent medical problems caused by such substances clogging the blood vessels.
ezetimibe and simvastatin is available only with your doctor's prescription.
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For ezetimibe and simvastatin, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to ezetimibe and simvastatin or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
ezetimibe and simvastatin has been tested in children and, in effective doses, has not been shown to cause different side effects or problems than it does in adults. ezetimibe and simvastatin should only be used in children 10 years of age or older.
ezetimibe and simvastatin has been tested and has not been shown to cause different side effects or problems in older people than it does in younger adults
|All Trimesters||X||Studies in animals or pregnant women have demonstrated positive evidence of fetal abnormalities. This drug should not be used in women who are or may become pregnant because the risk clearly outweighs any possible benefit.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Using ezetimibe and simvastatin with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.
Using ezetimibe and simvastatin with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Using ezetimibe and simvastatin with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using ezetimibe and simvastatin with any of the following is usually not recommended, but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use ezetimibe and simvastatin, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of ezetimibe and simvastatin. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
Before prescribing medicine for your condition, your doctor will probably try to control your condition by prescribing a personal diet for you. Such a diet may be low in fats, sugars, and/or cholesterol. Many people are able to control their condition by carefully following their doctor's orders for proper diet and exercise. Medicine is prescribed only when additional help is needed and is effective only when a schedule of diet and exercise is properly followed.
Also, ezetimibe and simvastatin is less effective if you are greatly overweight. It may be very important for you to go on a weight-reducing diet. However, check with your doctor before going on any diet.
The dose of ezetimibe and simvastatin will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of ezetimibe and simvastatin. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
Follow carefully the special diet your doctor gave you. This is the most important part of controlling your condition and is necessary if the medicine is to work properly.
If you miss a dose of ezetimibe and simvastatin, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Do not refrigerate. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
It is very important that your doctor check you at regular visits. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly to lower your cholesterol. Your doctor can then decide if you should continue to take it.
Check with your doctor immediately if you think that you may be pregnant. Certain cholesterol medications may cause birth defects or other problems in the baby if taken during pregnancy.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. It is very important that you take all of your medicine. Your doctor will discuss with you any changes in your medicine. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.
Check with your doctor immediately if you experience unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness, especially if it is accompanied by unusual tiredness or fever, because the medicine's adverse effects on muscle can lead to serious kidney problems.
If you are taking amiodarone (Cordarone(R)) or verapamil (Calan(R), Verelan(R)) together with ezetimibe/simvastatin, your ezetimibe/simvastatin dose should NOT exceed 10 mg/20 mg per day, unless directed by your doctor or pharmacist. If you are taking cyclosporine (Restasis(R), Sandimmune(R)) or danazol (Danocrine(R)) together with ezetimibe/simvastatin, your ezetimibe/simvastatin dose should NOT exceed 10 mg/10 mg per day, unless directed by your doctor or pharmacist. When used together, these medicines may increase your risk of muscle injury which can lead to kidney failure, particularly at higher doses of simvastatin. If you are taking amiodarone, cyclosporine, danazol, or verapamil and ezetimibe/simvastatin, call your doctor right away if you have dark-colored urine, have a fever, have muscle cramps or spasms, have muscle pain or stiffness, feel very tired or weak, or have diarrhea .
Avoid large amounts of grapefruit juice (more than 1 quart each day) while you are taking ezetimibe and simvastatin. Grapefruit juice may increase the amount of simvastatin in the body which may increase your risk of muscle injury and could result in kidney failure .
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:Incidence not known
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:Less common
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
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