Generic name: Azelaic acidBrand names: Finacea
Finacea is an ointment used to treat mild to moderate rosacea (a skin condition marked by red eruptions, usually on the cheeks and nose). In advanced cases—and usually only in men—the nose becomes red and bulbous. Doctors aren't sure what causes rosacea, but the condition may be aggravated by stress, infection, vitamin deficiencies, and hormonal problems.
You should keep using Finacea regularly, even if you see no immediate improvement. It may take a few weeks before you see results.
Use Finacea once in the morning and again in the evening. Wash the areas to be treated with very mild soap or a soapless cleansing lotion and pat dry with a soft towel. Apply a thin film of the medication and gently but thoroughly massage it into the skin. Wash your hands afterwards. You can apply makeup after the medication has dried.
Do not put bandages or dressings over the treated areas. Avoid getting the medication in the eyes, mouth, or nose. If any of it does get into your eyes, wash it out with large amounts of water. Call your doctor if your eyes remain irritated.
Be sure to avoid things that make your face turn red or flushed. Typical offenders include hot or spicy foods, hot drinks such as tea or coffee, and alcohol. You should also avoid using cleansers and other facial products that contain alcohol, astringents, abrasive ingredients, or peeling agents.
Side effects cannot be anticipated. Skin irritations—burning, stinging, and itchy spots—are most likely to occur during the first few weeks of treatment. If any side effects develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue using Finacea.
Do not use Finacea if it causes an allergic reaction or if you're allergic to propylene glycol (an additive in many facial products).
This medicine may cause some itching, burning, or stinging when you first begin treatment. You can expect this to stop as treatment continues. If it doesn't, you should check with your doctor. You may have to cut back to a single application daily, or even temporarily stop using Finacea.
This medicine has been known to occasionally have a bleaching effect on the skin. Report any abnormal changes in skin color to your doctor.
No interactions have been reported.
The effects of Finacea during pregnancy and breastfeeding have not been adequately studied. If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, notify your doctor immediately. Small amounts of the drug could appear in breast milk. If you are nursing, use Finacea with caution.
The usual dose of Finacea is a thin film applied twice a day, once in the morning and again in the evening.
An overdose is unlikely. However, if your skin becomes severely irritated, you should stop applying the medication and call your doctor.