Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «A»:
Acidophilus: Bacteria found in yogurt that can help restore a supportive bacterial environment to an intestinal tract whose normal intestinal bacterial population ("flora") has been disturbed by disease or antibiotics. Eating yogurt with acidophilus may also be useful in preventing candidiasis (thru...
Acidosis: Too much acid in the body, a distinctly abnormal condition resulting from the accumulation of acid or from the depletion of alkaline reserves. In acidosis, the pH of the blood is abnormally low. Acidosis is associated with diabetic ketoacidosis, lung disease,
and severe kidney disease. Th...
AH-sin-neto-bacter). A group of bacteria found in soil, water, and hospitals where they can cause serious infections in immunocompromised people and are often resistant to antibiotics.
Acinetobacter can be isolated from many sources
including drinking and surface water,...
Acinus, pulmonary: The ending of a tiny airway in the lung, where the alveoli (air sacs) are located.
In anatomy, an acinus is a round cluster of cells, usually epithelial cells, that looks somewhat like a knobby berry.
The word "acinus" means "berry" in Latin. (The plural is "acini".) There are als...
ACL: Anterior cruciate ligament....
ACL injury: See: Anterior cruciate injury....
Localized skin inflammation as a result of
overactivity of the oil glands at the base of hair follicles. Acne
happens when oil (sebaceous) glands come to life
around puberty, when these glands are stimulated by male
hormones that are produced in the adrenal glands of both
boys and girls. ...
Acne rosacea: This term is actually a misnomer! The appropriate term is simply rosacea which is a chronic skin disease that affects the middle third of the face with persistent redness over the areas of the face and nose that normally blush: mainly the forehead, the chin and the lower half of the n...
Acne vulgaris: The common form of acne seen most
often in teenagers or young adults, acne vulgaris is the
result of overactive oil glands that become plugged, red,
and inflamed. Most outbreaks of acne can be treated by
keeping the skin clear and avoiding irritating soaps,
foods, drinks, and cos...
Acne, adult: Popular name for rosacea. For more information, see: Rosacea....
ACNM: The American College of Nurse-Midwives. See: Nurse-midwife....
ACOG (Amer College of Ob & Gyn)
ACOG (American College of Obstetricians and
Gynecologists): The American College of Obstetricians and
Gynecologists is an organization concerned with the quality
of OB/Gyn practice in the U.S. It is called "a cog." The
members of ACOG are "Women's Health Care Physicians."
ACOG is (in their own w...
Acou-: Combining form relating to hearing. As
in acoustic, otoacoustic emission test, and presbyacousia....
Acoustic: Having to do with sound or hearing. The acoustic nerve (the 8th cranial nerve) is concerned with hearing and the sense of balance and head position. An acoustic neuroma is a tumor on the acoustic nerve....
Acoustic aphasia: See: Auditory aphasia....