Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «A»:
Adhesion: The union of two opposing tissue surfaces
(often in reference to the sides of a wound). Also refers to scar
tissue strands that can form in the area of a previous operation,
such as within the abdomen after a laparotomy.
The word "adhesion" comes from the Latin "adhaerere" meaning "to
Adhesive capsulitis: Constant severe limitation of the
range of motion of the shoulder due to scarring around the shoulder
joint. Adhesive capsulitis is an unwanted consequence of rotator cuff disease -- damage to the rotator cuff, the set of four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint and help...
ADI: Acceptable daily intake....
Adipocyte: A fat cell, a connective tissue cell that has differentiated and become specialized in the synthesis (manufacture) and storage of fat.
The adipocyte is important to the body in maintaining proper energy balance, storing calories in the form of lipids, mobilizing energy sources in respons...
Adiponectin: A protein hormone produced and secreted exclusively by adipocytes (fat cells) that regulates the metabolism of lipids and glucose. Adiponectin influences the body's response to insulin. Adiponectin also has antiinflammatory effects on the cells lining the walls of blood vessels.
Adipose: "Adipose" means "fat" but is usually used to refer specifically to tissue made up of mainly fat cells such as the yellow layer of fat beneath the skin.
The word "adipose" comes from the Latin "adeps" meaning "fat, particularly lard."...
Adipose most abundant gene transcript 1
Adipose most abundant gene transcript 1: Abbreviated APM1. The APM1 gene encodes the hormone adiponectin....
Adjacent: Lying nearby. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and circumjacent. From ad-, near + the Latin jacere, to lie = to lie near....
Adjuvant: The Latin "adjuvans" means to
help, particularly to reach a goal.
Adjuvant therapy for cancer is surgery followed
by chemotherapy or radiation to help decrease the risk of the
cancer recurring (coming back).
An adjuvant is a substance that helps and enhances the
Adjuvant chemotherapy: Chemotherapy given after tumor surgery.
The idea underpinning adjuvant chemotherapy is that the chemotherapy drugs are more effective after the main tumor has been removed and any remaining cancer is in small amounts (microscopic metastases).
For example, in a case of colon ca...
Adjuvant therapy: Treatment that is given in
addition to the primary (initial) treatment.
Adjuvant treatment is an addition designed to help reach
the ultimate goal. Adjuvant therapy for cancer usually refers to
surgery followed by chemo- or radiotherapy to help decrease the
risk of the cancer ...
ADLs (activities of daily living)
ADLs (activities of daily living): The things we
normally do in daily living including any daily activity we perform
for self-care (such as feeding ourselves, bathing, dressing,
grooming), work, homemaking, and leisure. The ability or inability to
perform ADLs can be used as a very practical mea...
Admission: Entry. As a patient admission (into a hospital). The opposite of admission in this context is discharge....
Admitting physician: The doctor responsible for admitting a patient to a hospital or other inpatient health facility....
Adnexa: This Latin word (in the plural) is used in
medicine in reference to appendages. For example, in gynecology the adnexa are the
"appendages" of the uterus, namely the ovaries, Fallopian tubes and ligaments
that hold the uterus in place....