Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «B»:
Balloon angioplasty: Coronary angioplasty is
accomplished using a balloon-tipped catheter inserted through an artery in the groin or
arm to enlarge a narrowing in a coronary artery. Coronary artery disease occurs when
cholesterol plaque builds up (atherosclerosis) in the walls of the arteries to the...
Balloon tamponade: A procedure in which a balloon
is inflated within the
esophagus or stomach to apply pressure on
bleeding blood vessels, compress the vessels, and stop the bleeding. Used in the treatment of
bleeding veins in
the esophagus (esophageal
varices) and stomach. The balloon used in ...
Bambino: The little child who is the infant in swaddling, the symbol of pediatrics, sculpted by the Florentine artist Andrea della Robbia (1437-1528)....
Ban zhi lian
Ban zhi lian: See: Scutellaria barbata....
Band, chromosome: One of the transverse bands produced on chromosomes by differential staining techniques. Depending on the particular staining technique, the bands are alternating light and dark or fluorescent and nonfluorescent.
Each human chromosome has a short arm ("p" for "petit") and long ar...
Band, Q: A form of chromosome band, one of the bright and dull fluorescent bands seen alternating along the length of chromosomes under ultraviolet light after the chromosomes are stained with quinacrine.
The Q in Q band stands for Quinacrine, an agent used as an antimalarial agent and, in the lab...
Banding of chromosomes
Banding of chromosomes: The treatment of chromosomes to reveal characteristic patterns of horizontal bands like bar codes.
The banding patterns lend each chromosome a distinctive appearance so the 22 pairs of human nonsex chromosomes and the X and Y chromosomes can be identified and distinguished w...
Bannayan syndrome: A genetic disease characterized by macrocephaly (enlarged head), multiple lipomas (benign fatty tumors) and hemangiomas (benign blood vessel tumors). The macrocephaly occurs without enlargement of the cerebral ventricles. There is mild neurological impairment and postnatal growth...
Bar chart: Proper term in mathematics for what is popularly called a bar graph. See: Bar graph....
Bar graph: A visual display using bars to represent the relative size of different categories of a variable, with each category or value of the variable represented by a bar, usually with a gap between the bars. A bar graph is often used to illustrate the major features of the distribution of data ...
Barbara McClintock: See: McClintock, Barbara...
Barbat skullcap: See: Scutellaria barbata....
Barber itch: A superficial fungal infection of the skin in the bearded area of the face and neck, with swellings and
marked crusting, often with itching, sometimes causing the hair to
break off. The name harks back to the days when men went to the barber daily for a shave. Also known as tinea barb...
Bariatric: Pertaining to bariatrics, the field of medicine concerned with weight loss....
Bariatric physician: A physician practicing bariatrics, the field of medicine concerned with weight loss. Also called a bariatrician. The terms are used interchangeably. The American Society of Bariatric Physicians states that: "These guidelines provide suggestions for the work-up and follow-up of t...