Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «B»:
Basophilic leukocyte: See: Basophil....
Bather's eruption: An intensely itchy rash due to contact with the tiny thimble jellyfish (Linuche unguiculata).
These jellyfish are common between March and August in the waters off of Florida and in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. There may be no adult jellyfish around as a warning. The...
Bathophobia: An abnormal and persistent fear of depths.
Sufferers from bathophobia experience anxiety even though they
realize they are safe from falling into or being consumed by depths.
The feared object may be a long, dark hallway, a well or a deep pool
"Bathophobia" is derived from ...
Battered child syndrome
Battered child syndrome: A disease in which children are physically abused. The battered child syndrome is a form of child abuse.
Not until the 19th century were children granted the same legal status as domesticated animals in regard to protection against cruelty and/or neglect. In 1962 the term "...
Battle fatigue: The World War II name for what is known
today as post-traumatic stress, this is a psychological disorder that develops in some
individuals who have had major traumatic experiences (and, for example, have been in a
serious accident or through a war). The person is typically numb at fi...
Bayes theorem: A probability principle set forth by the English mathematician Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). Bayes' theorem is of value in medical decision-making and some of the biomedical sciences.
Bayes' theorem is employed in clinical epidemiology to determine the probability of a particular disease...
Bayesian: Pertaining to Thomas Bayes (1702-1761) and to probability methods based on Bayes theorem. As in Bayesian logic, Bayesian probability, Bayesian reasoning, Bayesian statistics, and so on. Now much used, the term "Bayesian" came into use about 1950. See also: Bayes theorem....
Baylisascaris: Infection by the raccoon roundworm.
Baylisascaris procyonis is found commonly in raccoons. When infective eggs of this roundworm are ingested by humans, Baylisascaris larvae hatch in the intestine and travel through the organs and muscles. This is the larva migrans syndrome.
BCC: Basal cell carcinoma....
BCG: An effective immunization against tuberculosis. BCG stands for Bacille Calmette Guerin. BCG is a weakened (attenuated) version of a bacteria called Mycobacterium bovis which is closely related to Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the agent responsible for tuberculosis.
Camille Guerin (1872-1961) and...
BCM: Body cell mass....
BCNS: Basal cell nevus syndrome, also known as the Gorlin syndrome....
BDD: Body dysmorphic disorder....
Beaded vitreous type Stickler syndrome
Beaded vitreous type Stickler syndrome: Stickler syndrome, type II. See: Stickler syndrome....
Beals: See: Beals, Rodney K....