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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:

  1. C (cytosine) C (cytosine)
    C (cytosine): C stands for cytosine, a DNA nucleotide that which is one member of the base pair in DNA consisting of guanine and cytosine. This base pair is conventionally abbreviated G-C (or GC). The other base pair in DNA is adenine and thymine which is conventionally abbreviated A-T (or AT). Eac...
  2. C peptide C peptide
    C peptide: See: C-peptide....
  3. C-IBS C-IBS
    C-IBS: Constipation-predominant IBS (irritable bowel syndrome)....
  4. C-reactive protein C-reactive protein
    C-reactive protein: A plasma protein that rises in the blood with the inflammation from certain conditions. C-reactive protein (CRP) is one of the plasma proteins known as acute- phase proteins: proteins whose plasma concentrations increase (or decrease) by 25% or more during inflammatory disorde...
  5. C-Reactive Protein Test (CRP) C-Reactive Protein Test (CRP)
    C-reactive protein: A plasma protein that rises in the blood with the inflammation from certain conditions. C-reactive protein (CRP) is one of the plasma proteins known as acute- phase proteins: proteins whose plasma concentrations increase (or decrease) by 25% or more during inflammatory disorde...
  6. C-section C-section
    C-section: Short for Caesarian section, a procedure in which a baby, rather than being born vaginally, is surgically extracted (removed) from the uterus. As the name "Caesarian" suggests, this is not exactly a new procedure. It was done in ancient civilizations upon the death of a pregnant woman wh...
  7. C. botulinum C. botulinum
    C. botulinum: Clostridium botulinum....
  8. C. difficile C. difficile
    C. difficile: Clostridium difficile....
  9. C. elegans C. elegans
    C. elegans: Caenorhabditis elegans, a roundworm....
  10. C. elegans genome C. elegans genome
    C. elegans genome: All of the genetic information contained in the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). The genomes of particular nonhuman organisms such as C. elegans have been studied for a number of reasons including the need to improve sequencing and analysis techniques. These nonhuma...
  11. C. perfringens C. perfringens
    C. perfringens: See: Clostridium perfringens....
  12. C. welchii C. welchii
    C. welchii: Clostridium welchii....
  13. C1 (cervical vertebra) C1 (cervical vertebra)
    C1 (cervical vertebra): C1 is the first cervical (neck) vertebra which is called the atlas. It supports the head. The atlas bone is named for the Greek god Atlas who was condemned to support the earth and its heavens on his shoulders. (Because the god Atlas often adorned maps, a compilation of maps...
  14. C1-C7 (cervical vertebrae) C1-C7 (cervical vertebrae)
    C1-C7 (cervical vertebrae): C1 through C7 are the symbols for the cervical (neck) vertebrae, the upper 7 vertebrae in the spinal column (the vertebral column). C1 is called the atlas. It supports the head and is named for the Greek god Atlas who was condemned to support the earth and its heavens on ...
  15. C2 (cervical vertebra) C2 (cervical vertebra)
    C2 (cervical vertebra): C2 is the symbol for the second cervical vertebra, which is also called the axis. It is so-named because the uppermost cervical vertebra (called the atlas) rotates about the odontoid process of the second cervical vertebra. The joint between the axis and atlas is a pivot type...