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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:

  1. Cancer, prostate Cancer, prostate
    Cancer, prostate: Cancer of the gland that produces some of the components of semen fluid. Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of death of males in the U.S. Prostate cancer is often first detected as a hard nodule during a routine rectal examination. The PSA blood test is a screening test ...
  2. Cancer, prostatic Cancer, prostatic
    Cancer, prostatic: Cancer of the gland (prostate) that produces some of the components of semen fluid. The second leading cause of death of males in the U.S. Prostate cancer is often first detected as a hard nodule during a routine rectal examination. The PSA blood test is a screening test for p...
  3. Cancer, rectal Cancer, rectal
    Cancer, rectal: See: Rectal cancer....
  4. Cancer, skin Cancer, skin
    Cancer, skin: Cancer of the outer surface of the body. The most common cancer in the U.S. There are many types of skin cancer. Ultraviolet light from sunlight is the main cause of skin cancer. Unexplained changes in the appearance of the skin, lasting longer than 2 weeks, should be evaluated by a do...
  5. Cancer, small cell lung Cancer, small cell lung
    Lung Cancer Slideshow Pictures Effects of Secondhand Smoke Slideshow Pictures Tips to Quit Smoking Slideshow Pictures Cancer, small cell lung: A type of lung cancer in which the cel...
  6. Cancer, stomach Cancer, stomach
    Cancer, stomach: Cancer of the stomach, the main organ that holds food for digestion. Worldwide, stomach cancer is the second most frequent cancer and the second leading cause of death from cancer. It can develop in any part of the stomach and spread to other organs. It is also known as gastric canc...
  7. Cancer, testicles Cancer, testicles
    Cancer, testicles: Cancer of the male sex organ (testicle) that normally produces the hormone testosterone. One of the most common cancers in young men. Most testicular cancers are found by men themselves as a lump in the testicle. The risk of cancer of the testicles is increased in males whose t...
  8. Cancer, testicular Cancer, testicular
    Cancer, testicular: Cancer of the male sex organ (testicle) that normally produces the hormone testosterone. One of the most common cancers in young men. Most testicular cancers are found by men themselves as a lump in the testicle. The risk of cancer of the testicles is increased in males whose ...
  9. Cancer, thyroid Cancer, thyroid
    Cancer, thyroid: See: Thyroid cancer....
  10. Cancer, uterine Cancer, uterine
    Cancer, uterine: See: Uterine cancer....
  11. Cancer, uterus Cancer, uterus
    Cancer, uterus: See: Uterine cancer....
  12. Cancer, womb Cancer, womb
    Cancer, womb: See: Uterine cancer....
  13. Candida albicans Candida albicans
    Candida albicans: A yeast-like fungal organism found in small amounts in the normal human intestinal tract. Normally kept in check by the body's own helpful bacteria, C. albicans can increase in numbers when this balance is disturbed to cause candidiasis of the intestinal tract, or yeast infect...
  14. Candidate gene Candidate gene
    Candidate gene: Any gene thought likely to cause a disease. The gene may be a candidate because it is located in a particular chromosome region suspected of being involved in the disease or its protein product may suggest that it could be the disease gene in question....
  15. Candidemia Candidemia
    Candidemia: Bloodstream infection with Candida, a yeast-like fungus. Persons at high risk for candidemia include low-birth-weight babies, surgical patients, and those whose immune systems are deficient. Treatment is with the antifungal agent amphotericin B. See also: Invasive candidiasis....