Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:
Candidiasis: Overgrowth of the C. albicans yeast
in the gastrointestinal tract, or infection of other body
areas with this yeast. Vaginal yeast infections, some forms
of diaper rash and other skin rashes that emerge in moist,
warm areas of skin, and thrush (a condition characterized
by patches ...
Candidiasis, invasive: See: Invasive candidiasis....
Candidiasis, oral: Yeast infection of the mouth and throat caused by the fungus Candida albicans; also known as thrush. Yeast organisms are part of the germs normally found in various parts of the body. They ordinarily do not cause any symptoms.
Certain conditions, such as antibiotic use, can distu...
Canine genome: See: Dog genome....
Canine heartworm: Dirofilaria immitis. See: Heartworm....
Canker sore: A small ulcer crater in the lining of the mouth that is often painful and very sensitive. Also known as an aphthous ulcer.
Canker sores are one of the most common problems that occur in the mouth. About 20% of the population (1 in 5 people) have canker sores at any given time. Canker so...
Cannabinoid: A chemical compound in cannabis. or marijuana. Tetrahydrocannabinol is one of the cannabinoids....
Cannabinoid receptor 1
Cannabinoid receptor 1: One of the two known receptors in the endocannabinoid (EC) system associated with the intake of food and tobacco dependency. Blocking the cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1) may reduce dependence on tobacco and the craving for food. The gene encoding CNR1 is located in chromosome r...
Cannabinoid receptor 2
Cannabinoid receptor 2: One of the two known receptors in the endocannabinoid (EC) system. The gene encoding cannabinoid receptor 2 (CNR2) is located on chromosome 1. Also known as the CB2 receptor or CB2....
Cannabis: The botanical name for the plant from which marijuana comes. Its full name is Cannibis sativa. Use of cannabis produces a mild sense of euphoria, as well as
impairments in judgment and lengthened response time.
Cannabis may be smoked or eaten.
Although cannabis use is illegal in most pa...
Cannonball pulse: See: Pulse, water hammer....
Cannula: Simply a slender tube that can be inserted into a body cavity or duct. During the insertion of the cannula, its lumen (interior) is usually occupied by a trocar, a solid shaft, to stiffen it. The word "cannula" is the diminutive of the Latin "canna" (reed) = a little reed....
CAPD: Central auditory processing disorder....
Capillaries: Capillaries are the smallest of
blood vessels. They serve to distribute oxygenated
blood from arteries to the tissues of the body and to feed
deoxygenated blood from the tissues back into the veins. The
capillaries are thus a central component in the circulatory system,
Capillary: One of the tiny blood vessels that connect the arterioles (the smallest divisions of the arteries) and the venules (the smallest divisions of the veins). The capillaries form a fine network in many parts of the body.
Although minute, the capillaries are a site where much action takes plac...