Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:
Cardio-cutaneous syndrome: See: LEOPARD syndrome....
Cardiologist: A doctor who specializes in
treating heart disorders....
Cardiology: The study and treatment of heart
Cardiomegaly: Enlargement of the heart. Cardiomegaly is a descriptive term that is used to refer to the physical finding of an enlarged heart and is not a disease itself. Cardiomegaly can be caused by a number of different conditions including diseases of the heart muscle or heart valves, high blood...
Cardiomyopathy: Disease of the heart muscle (the myocardium). From the Greek roots: "cardio-", heart + "mys", muscle + "pathos", disease = disease (of the) heart muscle....
Cardiomyopathy, dilated: See: Dilated cardiomyopathy....
Cardiomyopathy, doxorubicin: See: Doxorubicin cardiomyopathy....
Cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic: See: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy....
Cardiopathy: Heart disease. A nonspecific term applicable to any and all diseases of the heart. From cardio- + the Greek pathos, disease....
Cardioplegia: Paralysis of the heart, as may be done electively in stopping the heart during cardiac surgery. Cardioplegia may be done using chemicals, cold (cryocardioplegia) or electrical stimulation....
Cardiopulmonary: Having to do with both the heart and
Cardiopulmonary bypass: Bypass of the heart and lungs
as, for example, in open heart surgery. Blood returning to the heart is diverted through a
heart-lung machine (a pump-oxygenator) before returning it to the arterial circulation.
The machine does the work both of the heart (pump blood) and the lu...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: The emergency substitution of heart and
lung action to restore life to someone who appears dead. The two main components
of conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are chest compression to
make the heart pump and mouth-to-mouth ventilation to breath for the...
Cardiovascular: The circulatory system comprising the heart and blood vessels which carries nutrients and oxygen to the tissues of the body and removes carbon dioxide and other wastes from them.
Cardiovascular diseases affect the heart and blood vessels and include arteriosclerosis, coronary arter...
Cardiovascular disease: Disease affecting the heart or blood vessels.
Cardiovascular diseases include arteriosclerosis, coronary artery disease, heart valve disease, arrhythmia, heart failure, hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, shock, endocarditis, diseases of the aorta and its branches, disor...