Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:
Cellulitis: An acute spreading bacterial infection below the surface of the skin characterized by redness (erythema), warmth, swelling, and pain. Cellulitis can also cause fever, chills, and "swollen glands" (enlarged lymph nodes). Cellulitis is a clinical diagnosis based on the spreading involveme...
Cellulitus: Common misspelling of cellulitis....
Celsus: (1st century A.D.) Aulus (Aurelius) Cornelius Celsus. Roman encyclopedist whose only surviving work, De Medicina, was rediscovered and printed early in the Renaissance and became influential. His four classical signs of inflammation -- calor, dolor, rubor, and tumor (heat, pain, redness, an...
Cemento-ossifying fibroma: A hard fibrous growth that
continues to enlarge, sometimes to very significant size, unless
treated, most frequently seen in the jaw or mouth, sometimes in
connection with a fracture or another type of injury. Treatment is by surgery.
After excision of the primary tumor...
Centenarian: Someone who is 100 or more years old. Someone 110 years old and over (no upper limit) may also be referred to as a supercentenarian. See also: Age by decade....
Center for Biologics Evaluation & Research
Center for Biologics Evaluation & Research: Abbreviated CBER. Part of the FDA (the US Food & Drug Administration)....
Center for Devices & Radiological Health
Center for Devices & Radiological Health: Abbreviated CDRH. Part of the FDA (the US Food & Drug Administration)....
Center, trauma: A specialized facility in a hospital that is designed to provide diagnostic and treatment services for trauma patients with physical injuries. Traumatology is the branch of surgery which deals with trauma patients.
"Trauma" is the Greek word for "a wound" (and also for "damage or de...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The
US agency charged with tracking and investigating public health trends. The stated mission of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, commonly called the CDC, is "To promote health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease,...
Centigrade: Thermometer scale in which the freezing point of water is 0°C and the boiling point of water at sea level is 100°C.
The Centigrade scale is used around most of the world to indicate the temperature on a thermometer while the Fahrenheit scale is still in obstinate use in the US. ...
Centimeter (cm): A unit of measure in the metric system which is 1/100'th of a meter. There are 2.54 centimeters (cms) in one inch. The centimeter is commonly used in medicine to state the size of objects or distance between points.
It may seem senseless to define a centimeter in a medical dictionar...
Centimorgan (cM): A unit of measure of genetic
recombination frequency. One cM is equal to a 1% chance that a marker at one genetic locus
will be separated from a marker at another locus due to crossing over in a single
generation. In humans, 1 cM is equivalent, on average, to 1 million base pairs. ...
Central: At or near the center.
In anatomy and medicine (as elsewhere), central is the opposite of "peripheral" which means away from the center. The word "peripheral" comes from the Greek "peripheria" ("peri-", around or about + "pherein", to bear, carry).
A central line is an infusion tube that i...
Central auditory processing disorder
Central auditory processing
disorder: A condition in which there is an inability to differentiate, recognize or understand sounds while both the hearing and intelligence are normal.
(In technical terms, a central auditory processing
disorder is a disease of the auditory pathways from the bulbar co...
Central catheter: See: Catheter, central....