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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:

  1. Chemosense Chemosense
    Chemosense: The chemical sensing system. The sense of smell is part of our chemical sensing system, or the chemosenses....
  2. Chemosensory Chemosensory
    Chemosensory: Pertaining to the sensing of chemicals, as by olfaction (the sense of smell). Diabetes and Parkinson's disease are among the diseases accompanied or signaled by chemosensory problems such as smell disorders....
  3. Chemosis Chemosis
    Chemosis: Swelling around the iris (the colored circle that surrounds the pupil) due to edema (swelling) of the bulbar conjunctiva (the clear membrane that coats the outer surface of the eye)....
  4. Chemotherapy Chemotherapy
    Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically kills microbes or tumor cells. The term chemotherapy was coined in this regard by Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915). 2. In oncology, drug therapy for cancer. Also called "chemo" for short. Most cancer chemotherapeutic drugs a...
  5. Chemotherapy, adjuvant Chemotherapy, adjuvant
    Chemotherapy, adjuvant: Chemotherapy (drug therapy) that is given after tumor surgery. The idea underpinning adjuvant chemotherapy is that the toxic drugs are more effective after the main tumor has been removed and any cancer that remains is in very small amounts (microscopic metastases). For exam...
  6. Chemotherapy, topical Chemotherapy, topical
    Chemotherapy, topical: Treatment with an anticancer drug in a lotion, ointment or cream that is applied to the skin....
  7. Chemotherapy-related cognitive dysfunction Chemotherapy-related cognitive dysfunction
    Chemotherapy-related cognitive dysfunction: See: Chemobrain....
  8. Chen, Zhong Wei Chen, Zhong Wei
    Chen, Zhong Wei: (1929-2004) Chinese surgeon considered the "father of replantation." Dr. Chen was the first to reattach a severed hand with success which he did in 1963....
  9. Cherubism Cherubism
    Cherubism: A genetic disorder of childhood that leads to prominence of the lower face and an appearance reminiscent of the cherubs portrayed in Renaissance art. Cherubism is due to a problem in bone formation that is largely limited to the upper and lower jaws (the maxilla and mandible) with loss of...
  10. Chest Chest
    Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains the lungs, the heart and part of the aorta. The walls of the chest are supported by the dorsal vertebrae, the ribs, and the sternum. The chest is also called the thorax....
  11. Chest cold Chest cold
    Chest cold: A nonmedical term used to refer to symptoms often accompanying a viral infection that involves the chest. Chest colds can lead to cough (a cough that causes sputum production). These symptoms are actually characteristic of bronchitis (inflammation of the airways to the lungs with in...
  12. Chest film Chest film
    Chest film: Most common X-ray used to detect abnormalities in or within the thoracic cage, such as the lungs, heart, aorta, and the bones of the chest. Extra metallic objects, such as jewelry are removed from the chest and neck areas for a chest x-ray to avoid interference with x-ray penetration and...
  13. Chest pain Chest pain
    Chest pain: There are many causes of chest pain. One is angina which results from inadequate oxygen supply to the heart muscle. Angina can be caused by coronary artery disease or spasm of the coronary arteries. Chest pain can also be due to a heart attack (coronary occlusion) and other important di...
  14. Chest X-ray Chest X-ray
    Chest X-ray: Commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs, but can also detect abnormalities in the heart, aorta, and the bones of the thoracic area. Metallic objects, such as jewelry are removed from the chest and neck areas for a chest x-ray to avoid interference with x-ray penetration and i...
  15. Chewing tobacco Chewing tobacco
    Chewing tobacco: Tobacco that is chewed, not smoked. A form of smokeless tobacco. Chewing tobacco and snuff are the two main forms of smokeless tobacco in use in the United States. The prototypes of the person chewing tobacco were the baseball player (or coach) and the cowboy with a chew of tobacco...