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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:

  1. Chloride Chloride
    Chloride: The major anion (negatively charged substance) in the blood and extracellular fluid (the body fluid that lies outside cells). Blood and other body fluids have almost the same concentration of chloride ion as sea water. The balance of chloride ion (Cl-) is closely regulated by the body. Sig...
  2. Chlorinated camphene Chlorinated camphene
    Chlorinated camphene: See: Toxaphene....
  3. Chloroacetophenone Chloroacetophenone
    Chloroacetophenone: A riot control agent or "tear gas." See: Riot control agent poisoning....
  4. Chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile Chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile
    Chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile: A riot control agent or "tear gas." See: Riot control agent poisoning....
  5. Chloroform Chloroform
    Chloroform: A clear volatile liquid with a strong smell like ether, chloroform was once administered by inhalation to produce anesthesia and given as an analgesic (to relieve pain) and a remedy for cough. It is quite toxic to the kidney and the liver. Sir James Young Simpson, a prominent obstetri...
  6. Chloropicrin Chloropicrin
    Chloropicrin: A riot control agent or "tear gas." See: Riot control agent poisoning....
  7. Chloroprene Chloroprene
    Chloroprene: A possible carcinogen (cancer-causing agent) primarily used in the production of the elastomer polychloroprene (neoprene). The US government in 2000 classified chloroprene as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen." In laboratory animal studies of chloroprene, cancer was obse...
  8. Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos
    Chlorpyrifos: An insecticide that has adverse neurological effects. Also known as Dursban. Chlorpyrifos causes weakness, vomiting, diarrhea and other ill effects in children. It can also cause blurred vision and memory loss. Anyone can be exposed when the chemical is applied in a backyard or a bu...
  9. Chlortetracycline Chlortetracycline
    Chlortetracycline: The first drug of the tetracycline family, to be introduced (in 1948). For more information, see: Tetracycline....
  10. Choana Choana
    Choana: (Plural: choanae) The passageway from the back of one side of the nose to the throat. There are two choanae, one on either side of the nose. The choanae must be open to permit breathing through the nose. The noun choana is less used than the adjective choanal, as in choanal atresia (blockage...
  11. Choanae Choanae
    Choanae: The plural of choana....
  12. Choanal Choanal
    Choanal: Pertaining to the choana, the passageway from the back of one side of the nose to the throat. The choana is shaped like an inverted funnel which opens into the upper throat. The choanae must be open to permit breathing through the nose. Choanal atresia is blockage of the choanal passageway ...
  13. Choanal atresia Choanal atresia
    Choanal atresia: Blockage of the choana, the passageway from the back of one side of the nose to the throat. The choana is shaped like an inverted funnel which opens into the upper throat. There are two choanae. The choanae must be open to permit breathing through the nose. Choanal atresia can occur...
  14. Choanal stenosis Choanal stenosis
    Choanal stenosis: Abnormal narrowing of the choana, the passageway from the back of one side of the nose to the throat. The choana is shaped like an inverted funnel which opens into the upper throat. There are two choanae. The choanae must be open to permit breathing through the nose. Choanal stenos...
  15. Chocolate Chocolate
    Chocolate: A food or flavoring made from the seeds of the cacao or chocolate tree. Chocolate is rich in flavinoids, compounds that act as antioxidants. Flavinoids may also lower blood pressure and improve blood flow, by regulating the synthesis of nitric oxide, which dilates blood vessels. Flavinoi...