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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:

  1. Cholecystitis Cholecystitis
    Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the gallbladder, a complication of gallstones which are formed by cholesterol and pigment (bilirubin) in bile. (Bile is produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder). Cholecystitis is frequently associated with infection in the gallbladder. Risk factors for chol...
  2. Cholecystogram, oral Cholecystogram, oral
    Cholecystogram, oral: See: Oral cholecystogram....
  3. Cholecystokinin Cholecystokinin
    Cholecystokinin: Abbreviated CCK. A polypeptide hormone that stimulates the contraction of the gallbladder with release of bile and the secretion of pancreatic enzymes into the small intestine. CCK is secreted by cells lining the upper intestine and by the hypothalamus. Hypothalamic cholecystokinin ...
  4. Cholelithiasis Cholelithiasis
    Cholelithiasis: 1. The presence of stones in the gallbladder or common bile duct. 2. The process of formation of such stones. From the Greek roots chole, bile + lithos, stone....
  5. Cholera Cholera
    Cholera: A devastating and sometimes lethal disease with intense vomiting and profuse watery diarrhea leading to dehydration which, unless immediately treated, may be fatal. Cholera was discovered in 1883 to be due to infection with Vibrio cholerae, a comma-shaped bacteria. The discovery was made...
  6. Cholera genome Cholera genome
    Cholera genome: The genome of the bacterium called Vibrio cholerae that causes cholera. This genome contains over 4 million bases in its DNA including the sequences for nearly 4,000 genes. The V. cholerae genome is remarkable in that it is arranged in two circular chromosomes. The larger of the two ...
  7. Cholescintigraphy Cholescintigraphy
    Cholescintigraphy: A diagnostic test in which a two-dimensional picture of a radiation source in the biliary system is obtained by the use of radioisotopes. Cholescintigraphy is done by nuclear medicine physicians to examine the biliary system and diagnose obstruction of the bile ducts (for e...
  8. Cholestasis with peripheral pulmonary stenosis Cholestasis with peripheral pulmonary stenosis
    Cholestasis with peripheral pulmonary stenosis: Also known as arteriohepatic dysplasia or Alagille syndrome, this ia a genetic disorder characterized by yellowing of the skin (jaundice) in the newborn period, liver disease with cholestasis, peripheral pulmonic stenosis and unusual face. Childr...
  9. Cholesterol Cholesterol
    Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body, cholesterol has gotten something of a bad name. However, cholesterol is a critically important molecule. It is essential to the formation of: Bile acids (which aid in the digestion of fats) Vitamin D Progesterone Estrogens (estradiol...
  10. Cholesterol ester transfer protein Cholesterol ester transfer protein
    Cholesterol ester transfer protein: A protein that helps regulate the size of cholesterol particles and influence the process of atherogenesis (the formation of plaques in arteries). Abbreviated CETP. The CETP gene is in chromosome band 16q21. A number of mutations are known in the CETP gene. Some r...
  11. Cholesterol guidelines Cholesterol guidelines
    Cholesterol guidelines: The guidelines on cholesterol for adults. Controlling blood cholesterol levels may decrease the risk of heart attack and stroke. The National Institute of Health, the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology publish guidelines to help physicians a...
  12. Cholesterol lowering with fibrate Cholesterol lowering with fibrate
    Cholesterol lowering with fibrate: The fibrates are cholesterol-lowering drugs that are primarily effective in lowering triglycerides and, to a lesser extent, in increasing HDL-cholesterol levels. Gemfibrozil (brand name: LOPID), the fibrate most widely used in the United States, can be very effec...
  13. Cholesterol lowering with niacin Cholesterol lowering with niacin
    Cholesterol lowering with niacin: Niacin or nicotinic acid, one of the water-soluble B vitamins, improves all lipoproteins when given in doses well above the vitamin requirement. Nicotinic acid lowers the total cholesterol, "bad" LDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride levels, while raising the "goo...
  14. Cholesterol, Cholesterol, "good"
    Cholesterol, "good" : High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol....
  15. Cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol, HDL
    Cholesterol, HDL: See HDL cholesterol....