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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:

  1. Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, LDL
    Cholesterol, LDL: Lipoproteins which are combinations of lipids (fats) and proteins are the form in which lipids are transported in the blood. The low-density lipoproteins transport cholesterol from the liver to the tissues of the body. LDL cholesterol is therefore considered the "bad" choleste...
  2. Cholesteryl ester transfer protein Cholesteryl ester transfer protein
    Cholesteryl ester transfer protein: See: Cholesterol ester transfer protein....
  3. Cholestin Cholestin
    Cholestin: One of the three major preparations of red yeast rice, a tradition Chinese medicine now used to lower cholesterol. Cholestin is also known as Hypocol....
  4. Chondrocalcinosis Chondrocalcinosis
    Chondrocalcinosis: Calcium in cartilage, usually in a joint, as in osteoarthritis....
  5. Chondrodysplasia, metaphyseal (McKusick type) Chondrodysplasia, metaphyseal (McKusick type)
    Chondrodysplasia, metaphyseal (McKusick type): See: Cartilage hair hypoplasia syndrome....
  6. Chondrodystrophic myotonia Chondrodystrophic myotonia
    Chondrodystrophic myotonia: See: Schwartz-Jampel syndrome....
  7. Chondrogenesis imperfecta Chondrogenesis imperfecta
    Chondrogenesis imperfecta: See: Achondrogenesis type II....
  8. Chondroitin sulfate Chondroitin sulfate
    Chondroitin sulfate: A glycosaminoglycan (formerly called a mucopolysaccharide) found in cartilage, bone, blood vessels and connective tissues. There are two forms: chondroitin sulfate A and chondroitin sulfate C. One or both types accumulate abnormally in several of the mucopolysaccharidosis disord...
  9. Chondromalacia Chondromalacia
    Chondromalacia: : Abnormal softening or degeneration of cartilage. See also patellofemoral syndrome....
  10. Chondromalacia patellae Chondromalacia patellae
    Chondromalacia patellae: The patellofemoral syndrome (PFS), the most common cause of chronic knee pain. PFS characteristically causes vague discomfort of the inner knee area, aggravated by activity (running, jumping, climbing or descending stairs) or by prolonged sitting with knees in a moderat...
  11. Chondroplasia Chondroplasia
    Chondroplasia: The formation of cartilage by specialized cells called chondrocytes....
  12. Chondrosarcoma Chondrosarcoma
    Chondrosarcoma: A malignant tumor that forms in cartilage cells (chondroplasts) and that produces cartilage matrix. Chondrosarcoma can be primary or secondary. Primary chondrosarcoma forms in bone and is found in children. Secondary chondrosarcoma arises from preexisting benign defects of cartilage ...
  13. Chorda tympani Chorda tympani
    Chorda tympani: A branch of the facial nerve (the seventh cranial nerve) that serves the taste buds in the front of the tongue, runs through the middle ear, and carries taste messages to the brain. The chorda tympani is part of one of three cranial nerves that are involved in taste. The taste system...
  14. Chordae tendineae Chordae tendineae
    Chordae tendineae: Thread-like bands of fibrous tissue which attach on one end to the edges of the tricuspid and mitral valves of the heart and on the other end to the papillary muscles, small muscles within the heart that serve to anchor the valves....
  15. Chordoma Chordoma
    Chordoma: A form of bone cancer that usually starts in the lower spinal column....