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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:

  1. Circulatory system Circulatory system
    Circulatory system: The system that moves blood throughout the body. The circulatory system is composed of the heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins. This remarkable system transports oxygenated blood from the lungs and heart throughout the body via the arteries. The blood goes through the capilla...
  2. Circum- Circum-
    Circum-: Prefix meaning around, surrounding, or encircling. As in circumcision, circumflex, and circumjacent. From the Latin preposition circum meaning round....
  3. Circumcision Circumcision
    Circumcision: Surgery that removes the foreskin (the loose tissue) covering the glans of the penis. Circumcision may be performed for religious or cultural reasons, or health reasons. Newborn circumcision diminishes the risk for cancer of the penis and lowers the risk for cancer of the cervix in sex...
  4. Circumflex Circumflex
    Circumflex: Curved like a bow. In anatomy, circumflex describes a structure that bends around like a bow. For example, the circumflex branch of the left coronary artery. In linguistics, a circumflex is a caret-shaped mark (^) used over a vowel to indicate the pronunciation, length or the omission of...
  5. Circumjacent Circumjacent
    Circumjacent: Lying around in the sense of surrounding. Related terms include superjacent, subjacent, and adjacent. From circum-, around + the Latin jacere, to lie = to lie around....
  6. Cirrhosis Cirrhosis
    Cirrhosis: An abnormal liver condition characterized by irreversible scarring of the liver. Alcohol and viral hepatitis B and C are among the many causes of cirrhosis. Cirrhosis can cause yellowing of the skin (jaundice), itching, and fatigue. Diagnosis of cirrhosis can be suggested by physical exam...
  7. Cirrhosis and gray matter degeneration Cirrhosis and gray matter degeneration
    Cirrhosis with diffuse degeneration of cerebral gray matter, Alpers: A progressive disease of the nervous system characterized by spasticity (tightness), myoclonus and dementia and by liver problems with jaundice and cirrhosis. This disorder, first described by Alpers in 1931 as "Diffuse progressive...
  8. CISM CISM
    CISM: Critical incident stress management....
  9. Cisplatin Cisplatin
    Cisplatin: An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called platinum compounds. Cisplatin is used in the treatment of a wide range of malignancies, including advanced cancer of the ovary, testis, and bladder. Cisplatin is given intravenously. Its full chemical name is cis-dichlorodiammi...
  10. Citrovorum factor Citrovorum factor
    Citrovorum factor: See: Leucovorin....
  11. Citrulline Citrulline
    Citrulline: A non-standard amino acid that is not normally present in protein. Citrulline is created in the body as an intermediate in the conversion of the amino acid ornithine to arginine in a metabolic pathway called the urea cycle. Citrulline was first isolated from watermelon. The term citrull...
  12. Citrulline antibody Citrulline antibody
    Citrulline antibody: An antibody (an immune protein) directed against a circular peptide (a ring of amino acids) containing an unusual ("non-standard") amino acid called citrulline that is not normally present in peptides or proteins. (Citrulline is formed by the body as an intermediary in the conve...
  13. Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniform Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniform
    Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services: See: CHAMPUS....
  14. CK CK
    CK: The military designation for cyanogen chloride. See: Cyanide....
  15. Cl (chloride) Cl (chloride)
    Cl (chloride): Cl is the chemical symbol for chloride, the major anion found in the fluid outside of cells and in blood. An anion is the negatively charged part of certain substances such as table salt (sodium chloride or NaCl) when dissolved in liquid. Sea water has almost the same concentrati...