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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:

  1. Cleft lip Cleft lip
    Cleft lip: The presence of one or two vertical fissures (clefts) in the upper lip -- cleft lip can be on one side only (unilateral) or on both sides (bilateral) -- resulting from failure of the normal process of fusion of the lip to come to completion during embryonic life. Cleft lip is one of th...
  2. Cleft palate Cleft palate
    Cleft palate: An opening in the roof of the mouth (the palate) due to a failure of the palatal shelves to come fully together from either side of the mouth and fuse, as they normally should, during embryonic development. The opening in the palate permits communication between the nasal passages and...
  3. Cleft palate prosthesis Cleft palate prosthesis
    Cleft palate prosthesis: A prosthetic device designed to close the opening left by a cleft in the palate and thereby to improve feeding and speech....
  4. Cleft uvula Cleft uvula
    Cleft uvula: The uvula, the little V-shaped fleshy mass hanging from the back of the soft palate, is cleft. . Cleft uvula is a common minor anomaly occurring in about 1% of whites and 10% of Native Americans. Persons with a cleft uvula should not have their adenoids removed because, without the aden...
  5. Cleidocranial dysostosis Cleidocranial dysostosis
    Cleidocranial dysostosis: A genetic (inherited) disorder of bone development characterized by: Absent or incompletely formed collar bones (the "cleido-" part refers to the clavicles, the collar bones) The child with this disorder can bring its shoulders together or nearly so; and Typical cranial an...
  6. Cleidocranial dysplasia Cleidocranial dysplasia
    Cleidocranial dysplasia: A genetic (inherited) disorder of bone development characterized by: Absent or incompletely formed collar bones (the "cleido-" part refers to the clavicles, the collar bones) The child with this disorder can bring its shoulders together or nearly so; and Typical cranial and...
  7. Click-murmur syndrome Click-murmur syndrome
    Click-murmur syndrome: Mitral valve prolapse (also known as "Barlow's syndrome"), the most common heart valve abnormality, affecting 5-10% of the world population. Most patients have no symptoms and require no treatment, but some have fatigue and/or palpitations. The mitral valve prolapse ...
  8. Climacteric Climacteric
    Climacteric: 1. The menopause in women. 2. The corresponding time in the life of men. From the Greek klimakter, meaning literally a rung of a ladder or figuratively a critical point. ....
  9. Clinical Clinical
    Clinical: 1. Having to do with the examination and treatment of patients. 2. Applicable to patients. A laboratory test may be of clinical value (of use to patients). The term comes through the French "clinique" from the Greek "kline" (a couch or bed). Clinical medicine was (and is) practiced at the ...
  10. Clinical aspirin resistance Clinical aspirin resistance
    Clinical aspirin resistance: The inability of aspirin to protect a person from cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes....
  11. Clinical cytogenetics Clinical cytogenetics
    Clinical cytogenetics: The application of chromosome studies to clinical medicine. For example, clinical cytogenetic testing is done to see if a child with possible Down syndrome has an extra chromosome #21, as is most often the case. Clinical Cytogenetics is a specialty certified by the American Bo...
  12. Clinical depression Clinical depression
    Clinical depression: Depression that meets the DSM-IV criteria for a depressive disorder. The term is usually used to denote depression that is not a normal, temporary mood caused by life events or grieving....
  13. Clinical disease Clinical disease
    Clinical disease: A disease with clinical signs and symptoms that are recognizable. As distinct from a subclinical illness without clinical manifestations. Diabetes, for example, can be subclinical in someone before emerging as a clinical disease....
  14. Clinical investigator Clinical investigator
    Clinical investigator: A medical researcher who carries out a clinical trial or another type of clinical research....
  15. Clinical psychology Clinical psychology
    Clinical psychology: A professional specialty concerned with diagnosing and treating diseases of the brain, emotional disturbance, and behavior problems. Psychologists can only use talk therapy as treatment; you must see a psychiatrist or other medical doctor to be treated with medication. Psychol...