Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:
Caliciviridae: See: Calicivirus; Norovirus....
Calicivirus: A group of viruses belonging to the family Caliciviridae that includes:
Norovirus, a common cause of food poisoning and acute gastroenteritis in humans; Sapovirus, formerly called "Sapporo-like virus" (SLV) and sometimes referred to as classic or typical calicivirus, which can also ca...
Calipers: A metal or plastic tool similar to a compass used to measure the diameter of an object. The skin fold thickness in several parts of the body can be measured with skin calipers to determine the lean body mass. This may be done in medicine, physical anthropology, health clubs, and athletic ...
Calipers, skin: See: Skin calipers....
CALLA: Common acute lymphocytic leukemia antigen. See: Metallomembrane endopeptidase....
Callosity: Synonymous with callus. Both callus and callosity are derived from the Latin callum meaning thick skin....
Callus: 1. A localized firm thickening of the upper layer of skin as a result of repetitive friction. A callus on the skin of the foot has become thick and hard from rubbing (as a result of repetitive friction). Calluses of the feet may lead to other problems such as serious infections. Shoes that ...
Calor: Heat, one of the four classic signs of inflammation (together with dolor, rubor and tumor). From the Latin calor, heat. See also: Dolor; Rubor; Tumor....
Calor, dolor, rubor, and tumor
Calor, dolor, rubor, and tumor: Heat, pain, redness, and swelling. The four classical signs of inflammation, originally recorded by the Roman encyclopedist Celsus in the 1st century A.D....
Calorie: A unit of food energy. In nutrition terms, the word calorie
is used instead of the more precise scientific term kilocalorie which represents
the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of a liter of water one
degree centigrade at sea level. The common usage of the word calorie...
Camelpox: A severe disease of camels in northern Africa and southwestern Asia caused by the camelpox virus. This virus has rarely, if ever, caused disease in people. However, the sequence of the camelpox virus genome is most closely related to that of the variola virus, the cause of smallpox. This ...
Camisole: A straitjacket. The term camisole was borrowed from the French and refers to a woman's garment, usually sleeveless. The term came from the Latin camisia for linen shirt or nightgown....
cAMP-dependent protein kinase
cAMP-dependent protein kinase: See: Protein kinase A....
Camphechlor: See: Toxaphene....
Campion, Thomas: (1567-1620) English physician, poet, and composer. Campion first studied law, but had little sympathy with, or respect for, legal studies. He then spent 3 years (1602-1605) on the Continent and received the M.D. degree from the University of Caen in 1605. After returning to England,...