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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:

  1. Caliciviridae Caliciviridae
    Caliciviridae: See: Calicivirus; Norovirus....
  2. Calicivirus Calicivirus
    Calicivirus: A group of viruses belonging to the family Caliciviridae that includes: Norovirus, a common cause of food poisoning and acute gastroenteritis in humans; Sapovirus, formerly called "Sapporo-like virus" (SLV) and sometimes referred to as classic or typical calicivirus, which can also ca...
  3. Calipers Calipers
    Calipers: A metal or plastic tool similar to a compass used to measure the diameter of an object. The skin fold thickness in several parts of the body can be measured with skin calipers to determine the lean body mass. This may be done in medicine, physical anthropology, health clubs, and athletic ...
  4. Calipers, skin Calipers, skin
    Calipers, skin: See: Skin calipers....
  5. CALLA CALLA
    CALLA: Common acute lymphocytic leukemia antigen. See: Metallomembrane endopeptidase....
  6. Callosity Callosity
    Callosity: Synonymous with callus. Both callus and callosity are derived from the Latin callum meaning thick skin....
  7. Callus Callus
    Callus: 1. A localized firm thickening of the upper layer of skin as a result of repetitive friction. A callus on the skin of the foot has become thick and hard from rubbing (as a result of repetitive friction). Calluses of the feet may lead to other problems such as serious infections. Shoes that ...
  8. Calor Calor
    Calor: Heat, one of the four classic signs of inflammation (together with dolor, rubor and tumor). From the Latin calor, heat. See also: Dolor; Rubor; Tumor....
  9. Calor, dolor, rubor, and tumor Calor, dolor, rubor, and tumor
    Calor, dolor, rubor, and tumor: Heat, pain, redness, and swelling. The four classical signs of inflammation, originally recorded by the Roman encyclopedist Celsus in the 1st century A.D....
  10. Calorie Calorie
    Calorie: A unit of food energy. In nutrition terms, the word calorie is used instead of the more precise scientific term kilocalorie which represents the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of a liter of water one degree centigrade at sea level. The common usage of the word calorie...
  11. Camelpox Camelpox
    Camelpox: A severe disease of camels in northern Africa and southwestern Asia caused by the camelpox virus. This virus has rarely, if ever, caused disease in people. However, the sequence of the camelpox virus genome is most closely related to that of the variola virus, the cause of smallpox. This ...
  12. Camisole Camisole
    Camisole: A straitjacket. The term camisole was borrowed from the French and refers to a woman's garment, usually sleeveless. The term came from the Latin camisia for linen shirt or nightgown....
  13. cAMP-dependent protein kinase cAMP-dependent protein kinase
    cAMP-dependent protein kinase: See: Protein kinase A....
  14. Camphechlor Camphechlor
    Camphechlor: See: Toxaphene....
  15. Campion, Thomas Campion, Thomas
    Campion, Thomas: (1567-1620) English physician, poet, and composer. Campion first studied law, but had little sympathy with, or respect for, legal studies. He then spent 3 years (1602-1605) on the Continent and received the M.D. degree from the University of Caen in 1605. After returning to England,...