Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:
Clostridium perfringens: A type of bacteria
that is the most common agent of gas gangrene and can also cause
food poisoning as well as a fulminant form of bowel disease called necrotizing colitis.
Clostridium perfringens is the same as Clostridium welchii....
Clostridium welchii: See: Clostridium perfingens. ...
Clot, blood: See Blood clot....
Clot-dissolving medication: See: Thrombolytic agent....
Clotbuster: An informal term for a drug that can dissolve a clot. See: Thrombolytic agent....
Club drug: A drug such as
MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, Rohypnol, ketamine, methamphetamine, and LSD that is used by young adults at all-night dance parties such as "raves" or "trances," dance clubs, and bars.
Use of club drugs can cause serious health problems and,
in some cases, death. No club drug is ...
Clubfoot: A common malformation of the foot that is
evident at birth. The foot is turned in sharply so that the person
seems to be walking on their ankle. The medical term for the common
("classic") type of clubfoot is talipes equinovarus. Clubfoot can
sometimes, but not always, be corrected wit...
Cluster: In epidemiology, an aggregation of cases of a disease or another health-related condition, such as a cancer or birth defect, closely grouped in time and place. The number of cases in the cluster may or may not exceed the expected number. This is determined by cluster analysis, a set of stat...
Cluster headache: A distinctive syndrome of headaches, also known as migrainous neuralgia. There are two main clinical patterns of cluster headache -- the episodic and the chronic:
Episodic: This is the most common pattern of cluster headache. It
is characterized by 1-3 short attacks of pain aroun...
cM: A centimorgan, a unit of measure of genetic
recombination frequency. One cM is equal to a 1% chance that a marker at one genetic locus
will be separated from a marker at another locus due to crossing over in a single
generation. In humans, 1 cM is equivalent, on average, to 1 million base pairs....
cm (centimeter): A unit of measure in the metric system which is 1/100'th of a meter. There are 2.54 centimeters (cms) in one inch. The centimeter is commonly used in medicine to state the size of objects or distance between points.
It may seem senseless to define a centimeter in a medical dictionar...
CM (coccidioidomycosis): A disease due to a fungus called Coccidioides immitis. About 40% of people infected with this fungus develop symptoms. Most often they have an influenza-like illness with fever, cough, headaches, rash, and myalgias (muscle pains). Of those people with symptoms, 8% have sever...
CME: Stands for Continuing Medical Education. CME
intended, literally, to continue the medical education of physicians.
Doctors are required
to earn CME credits to retain their medical licenses. They may do so
by taking courses, attending medical conferences where they learn
CMG2: Capillary morphogenesis gene 2, a transmembrane protein that is induced during capillary morphogenesis (the development of capillaries). Mutations in CMG2 cause
infantile systemic hyalinosis and juvenile hyaline fibromatosis....
CML: Chronic myelogenous leukemia, which is also known as chronic myeloid leukemia and chronic myelocytic leukemia....