Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:
Dobelle: See: Dobelle, William....
Dobelle, William H.
Dobelle, William H.: (1941-2004) Pioneer designer of an experimental system of artificial vision for the blind involving the transmission of electrical signals to electrodes implanted in the brain. The system used a tiny camera mounted in glasses worn by the blind person. The camera images were rela...
1. Acronym for "daily on call."
Docosahexaenoic acid: DHA. An essential fatty acid, thought to be important to the development of infants, particularly as regards their eyes and brain. DHA is present in breast milk and has been added to some infant formulas. Postnatal DHA may improve vision and some cognitive functions in infants ...
Doctor: In a medical context, any medical professional with an MD, a PhD, or any other doctoral degree. The term doctor is quite nonspecific. A doctor may, for example, be a physician, psychologist, biomedical scientist, dentist, or veterinarian. In a nonmedical context, a professor of history migh...
Doctor discontent: See: Physician discontent....
Doctor-assisted suicide: The term in the UK for physician-assisted suicide....
Doctors Without Borders
Doctors Without Borders: A group which sends physicians and other health workers to some of the most destitute and dangerous parts of the world and encourages them not only to care for people, but also to condemn the injustices they encounter. The 1999 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Doctors Withou...
Doctors' symbol: A staff or rod, with a snake curled
around it. It is the staff or rod
of Aesculapius (also called Asklepios), the ancient
mythical god of
medicine. His Greek name was Asklepios and his Roman name
reality, Asklepios may have been a real person who was
DOE: Department of Energy, U.S. One of the agencies
contributing to the Human Genome Project....
Dog bite: A bite wound inflicted by a dog. Approximately 880,000 dog bite victims seek emergency medical care at hospitals in the U.S. every year. The pressure exerted by the dog's jaws during the bite can cause significant damage to the tissues under the skin, including bones, muscles, tendons, blo...
Dog genome: All of the genetic information from the dog. The genetic first draft of the dog genome sequence was completed in 2004. A team led by Kerstin Lindblad-Toh of the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Mass., and Agencourt Bioscience Corp., Beverly, Mass., successfully assembled t...
Dog heartworm: Dirofilaria immitis. See: Heartworm....
Dol: A unit of measurement of pain. The term dol was invented by James Hardy and his research colleagues Herbert Wolff and Helen Goodell at Cornell University where from 1950 to 1959, they carried out pioneering experiments on pain. Hasrdy, Wolff and Goodell used precisely calibrated radiant heat di...
Dolor: 1. Pain, one of the four classic signs of inflammation (together with calor, rubor and tumor).
2. By extension, grief or sorrow.
From Latin dolor, pain. See also: Calor; Rubor; Tumor....