Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «E»:
Elbow subluxation: See: Nursemaid's elbow....
Elbow, arthritis of the
Elbow, arthritis of the: Inflammation (arthritis) of
the elbow joint can be due to many systemic forms of arthritis, including rheumatoid
arthritis, gouty arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and Reiter's
disease. Generally, they are associated with signs of inflammation of the el...
Elbow, cellulitis of the
Elbow, cellulitis of the: Inflammation of the skin
around the elbow due to infection (cellulitis) commonly occurs as a result of abrasions or
puncture wounds permitting bacteria on the surface of the skin to invade the deeper layers
of the skin. This causes inflamed skin characterized by heat, redne...
Elbow, golfer's: The inner portion of the elbow is
a bony prominence called the medial epicondyle. Tendons from the muscles attach here and
can be injured, causing medial epicondylitis. To those who play the ancient Scottish
sport, this is "golfer's elbow." ...
Elbow, tennis: A painful injury to the tendon that is attached to the outer part of the elbow due to repetitive twisting of the wrist or forearm which causes irritation and inflammation of the extensor tendon. This tendon attaches to the lateral epicondyle of the humerus. The condition is therefore ...
Elbow, tip of the
Elbow, tip of the: The bony tip of the elbow is called the olecranon. It is formed by the near end of the ulna, one of the two long bones in the forearm (the other is the radius).
The triceps muscle tendon of the back of the arm attaches to the tip of the elbow (the olecranon).
Diseases can affect ...
ELBW: Stands for extremely low birth weight. An ELBW baby is one born very prematurely weighing between 401 and 1000 grams (about 14 to 35 ounces) at birth. Extremely low birth weight babies are at the lower limits of viability.
If ELBW babies survive, they are at elevated risk for neurological abn...
Elder abuse: The physical, sexual, or emotional
abuse of an elderly person, usually one who is disabled or
Elder abuse is an umbrella term used to describe one or more of the following:
Physical abuse is the willful infliction of physical pain or injury,such as slapping, bruising, sexually...
Elective: In medicine, something chosen (elected). An elective procedure is one that is chosen (elected) by the patient or physician that is advantageous to the patient but is not urgent.
Elective surgery is decided by the patient or their doctor. The procedure is seen as beneficial but not absolu...
Elective mutism: Complete lack of speech (mutism) that is
believed to be volitional (willed) on the part of the patient.
True elective mutism may be a reaction to a traumatic event, the
aftermath of an injury to the mouth or throat, particularly if it is painful, or a symptom of extreme shyness. ...
Elective surgery: Surgery that is subject to choice (election). The choice may be made by the patient or doctor.
For example, the time when a surgical procedure is performed may be elective. The procedure is beneficial to the patient but does not need be done at a particular time.
As opposed to urg...
Electro-oculography: EOG. A type of electrophysiologic retinal testing done to measure the difference in the electrical potential between the front and back of the eye in response to dark and light....
Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical
activity of the heart.
An electrocardiogram is a simple, non-invasive procedure. Electrodes
are placed on the skin of the chest and connected in a specific order
to a machine that, when turned on, measures electrical activity all
overaround the he...
Electrocoagulation: The coagulation (clotting) of tissue using a high-frequency electrical current applied locally with a metal instrument or needle with the aim of stopping bleeding.
There is also, for example, laser coagulation and photocoagulation....
Electrocochleography: A test that measures the electrical potentials generated in the inner ear in response to stimulation by sound. Electrocochleography may be done, for example, to confirm the diagnosis of Meniere disease. Abbreviated ECochG (or ECoG)....