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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «E»:

  1. Epilepsy, Jacksonian Epilepsy, Jacksonian
    Epilepsy, Jacksonian:A brief alteration in movement, sensation or nerve function caused by abnormal electrical activity in a localized area of the brain. Seizures of this type typically cause no change in awareness or alertness. They are transient, fleeting, ephemeral. Jacksonian seizures are extr...
  2. Epilepsy, juvenile myoclonic Epilepsy, juvenile myoclonic
    Epilepsy, juvenile myoclonic: A form of epilepsy that occurs between the ages of eight and 26, most commonly in the teenage years. It is characterized by jerking (myoclonic) movements of the arms and upper torso, without loss of consciousness. Seizures are most likely to occur while awakening f...
  3. Epilepsy, partial Epilepsy, partial
    Epilepsy, partial: A seizure that affects only one part of the brain. Symptoms will depend on which part is affected: one part of the body, or multiple body parts confined to one side of the body, may start to twitch uncontrollably. Partial epilepsy seizures may involve head turning, eye moveme...
  4. Epilepsy, petit mal Epilepsy, petit mal
    Epilepsy, petit mal: See: Petit mal....
  5. Epilepsy, temporal lobe Epilepsy, temporal lobe
    Epilepsy, temporal lobe: See: Epilepsy, temporal-lobe....
  6. Epinephrine Epinephrine
    Epinephrine: A substance produced by the medulla (inside) of the adrenal gland. The name epinephrine was coined in 1898 by the American pharmacologist and physiologic chemist (biochemist) John Jacob Abel who isolated it from the adrenal gland which is located above (epi-) the kidney ("nephros&q...
  7. Epiphenomenon Epiphenomenon
    Epiphenomenon: 1. An additional symptom or condition that appears during the course of a disease. A doctor might ask if you have noticed any epiphenomena recently as a way of inquiring as to whether you have experienced additional symptoms or signs of illness. 2. Any occurrence that is accidental, a...
  8. Epiphysis Epiphysis
    Epiphysis: The growth area near the end of a bone. ...
  9. Epiretinal membrane Epiretinal membrane
    Epiretinal membrane: See: Macular pucker....
  10. Episclera Episclera
    Episclera: A thin membrane that covers the sclera (the white of the eye). "Epi-" is a prefix from the Greek that means "on, upon, at, by, near, over, on top of, toward, against, among." Episclera = on top of the sclera....
  11. Episcleritis Episcleritis
    Episcleritis: Inflammation of the episclera, a thin membrane that covers the sclera (the white of the eye). Episcleritis is typically benign, easily treated with topical antiinflammatory drops, and usually soon resolved....
  12. Episiotomy Episiotomy
    Episiotomy: A surgical procedure for widening the outlet of the birth canal to facilitate delivery of the baby and to avoid a jagged rip of the perineum (the area between the anus and the vulva, the opening to the vagina). During an episiotomy, an incision is made between the vagina and the rec...
  13. Epispadias Epispadias
    Epispadias: Congenital (at birth) malformation in which the opening of the urethra (from whence comes the urinary stream) is on the dorsum (topside) of the penis. Hypospadias is the corresponding malformation in which the opening of the urethra is on the ventral surface (underside) of the penis....
  14. Epistaxis Epistaxis
    Epistaxis: Medical term for nosebleed. The nose is a part of the body that is very rich in blood vessels (vascular) and is situated in a vulnerable position on the face. As a result, any trauma to the face can cause bleeding which may be profuse. Nosebleeds can occur spontaneously when the nasal...
  15. Epistaxis, treatment of Epistaxis, treatment of
    Epistaxis, treatment of: To stop epistaxis (a nosebleed), you should: 1. Pinch all the soft parts of the nose together between your thumb and index finger. 2. Press firmly toward the face - compressing the pinched parts of the nose against the bones of the face. 3. Hold the nose for at least 5 minu...