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Drugs and diseases reference index

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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «E»:

  1. Esophageal ulcer Esophageal ulcer
    Esophageal ulcer: A hole in the lining of the esophagus corroded by the acidic digestive juices secreted by the stomach cells. Ulcer formation is related to H. pyloridus bacteria in the stomach, anti-inflammatory medications, and smoking cigarettes. Ulcer pain may not correlate with the presence or...
  2. Esophagectomy Esophagectomy
    Esophagectomy: An operation to remove a portion of the esophagus....
  3. Esophagitis Esophagitis
    Esophagitis: Inflammation of the esophagus. The esophagus is that soft tube-like portion of the digestive tract connecting the pharynx with the stomach....
  4. Esophagogastric tamponade Esophagogastric tamponade
    Esophagogastric tamponade: A procedure in which a balloon is inflated within the esophagus and stomach to apply pressure on bleeding blood vessels, compress the vessels, and stop the bleeding. Used in the treatment of bleeding veins in the esophagus (esophageal varices) and stomach. The balloon ...
  5. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    Esophagogastroduodenoscopy: Also known as EGD or upper endoscopy. A procedure that enables the examiner (usually a gastroenterologist) to examine the esophagus (the swallowing tube), stomach, and duodenum (the first portion of small bowel) using a thin flexible tube (a "scope") that can be looked th...
  6. Esophagoscopy Esophagoscopy
    Esophagoscopy: Examination of the esophagus using a thin, lighted instrument....
  7. Esophagram Esophagram
    Esophagram: A series of X-ray images of the esophagus. The X-ray pictures are taken after the patient drinks a barium solution that coats and outlines the walls of the esophagus. Also called a barium swallow....
  8. Esophagus Esophagus
    Esophagus: The tube that connects the pharynx (throat) with the stomach. The esophagus lies between the trachea (windpipe) and the spine. It passes down the neck, pierces the diaphragm just to the left of the midline, and joins the cardiac (upper) end of the stomach. In an adult, the esophagus is ab...
  9. Esophagus cancer Esophagus cancer
    Esophagus cancer: See: Esophageal cancer....
  10. Esotropia Esotropia
    Esotropia: Cross-eyed or, in medical terms, convergent or internal strabismus....
  11. ESR ESR
    ESR: Abbreviation for erythrocyte sedimentation rate, a blood test that detects and monitors inflammation in the body. It measures the rate at which red blood cells (RBCs) in a test tube separate from blood serum over time, becoming sediment in the bottom of the test tube. The sedimentation rate...
  12. ESRD ESRD
    ESRD: End-stage renal disease....
  13. Essential Essential
    Essential: 1. Something that cannot be done without. 2. Required in the diet, because the body cannot make it. As in an essential amino acid or an essential fatty acid. 3. Idiopathic. As in essential hypertension. "Essential" is a hallowed term meaning "We don't know the cause."...
  14. Essential fatty acid Essential fatty acid
    Essential fatty acid: An unsaturated fatty acid that is essential to human health, but cannot be manufactured in the body. There are three types of essential fatty acids (EFAs): arachnoidic acid, linoleic acid, and linolenic acid. When obtained in the diet, linoleic acid can be converted to both ...
  15. Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia
    Essential mixed cryoglobulinemia: A condition in which cryoglobulin proteins which are a mixture of various antibody types form for unknown (essential) reasons. Cryoglobulins are abnormal blood proteins that, by definition, have the unusual properties of precipitating from the blood serum when it i...