Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «F»:
Fatty acids,omega-3: A class of fatty acids found in fish oils, especially from salmon and other cold-water fish, that acts to lower the levels of cholesterol and LDL (low-density lipoproteins) in the blood. (LDL cholesterol is the "bad" cholesterol.)
Omega-3 fish oil is therefore thought to be a ne...
Fatty alcohol: NAD+ oxidoreductase deficiency
Fatty alcohol: NAD+ oxidoreductase deficiency: Clinically known as the Sjogren-Larsson syndrome, this is a genetic (inherited) disease usually characterized by a triad of findings consisting of ichthyosis (thickened fish-like skin), spastic paraplegia (spasticity of the legs) and mental retardation...
Fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase deficiency
Fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase deficiency: Also known as the Sjogren-Larsson syndrome, this is a genetic (inherited) disease usually characterized by a triad of clinical findings consisting of ichthyosis (thickened fish-like skin), spastic paraplegia (spasticity of the legs) and mental retardation.
Fatty liver of pregnancy, acute
Fatty liver of pregnancy, acute: Liver failure in late pregnancy, usually from unknown cause.
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) typically occurs in first-time pregnancies in the last trimester.
AFLP causes nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain especially in the upper abdomen (epigastrium), jaun...
Fauces: The throat. The word fauces is the plural of
the Latin faux meaning a small passage. ...
Fava bean: The broad bean to which many people react
adversely with an acute hemolytic anemia with sudden breakup of red blood cells (see
Favism). Fava beans look like large tan lima beans. They are popular in Mediterranean and
Middle Eastern cuisines, are eaten raw when very young, cooked in soups ...
Favism: A condition characterized by hemolytic anemia
(breakup of red blood cells) after eating fava beans (Vicia fava) or being exposed to the
pollen of the fava plant. This dangerous reaction occurs exclusively in people with a
deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), an...
FBLN3: The gene encoding the protein known as fibulin 3. See: Fibulin 3....
FBLN5: The gene encoding the protein known as fibulin 5. See: Fibulin 5....
FBN1: The fibrillin 1 gene. This gene is mutated in Marfan syndrome, the MASS syndrome, and related disorders of connective tissue. The FBN1 gene produces a protein called fibrillin-1 which is transported out of the cell and deposited in the extracellular matrix, the intricate lattice in which cells...
FCC: In medicine, familial colorectal cancer (not the Federal Communications Commission)....
FDA: The Food and Drug Administration, an agency within the U.S. Public Health Service, which is a part of the Department of Health and Human Services.
Background: The FDA regulates over $1 trillion worth of products, which account for 25 cents of every dollar spent annually by American consumers a...
FDA recalls: The recall of a defective or possibly harmful product by the US Food & Drug Administration (the FDA).
These recalls are often highly publicized in newspapers
and on radio and TV news broadcasts. Recent headlines in major newspapers such as "FDA Orders Peanut Butter Recall" and "FD...
Fear of age
Fear of age: An abnormal and
persistent fear of growing old is termed gerascophobia. Sufferers of
gerascophobia feel undue anxiety about aging even though they may be in good
health -- physically, economically and otherwise. They may worry about the loss
of their looks, the loss of independence,...
Fear of animals
Fear of animals: An abnormal and persistent fear of animals termed "zoophobia.
A phobia is an unreasonable fear that can cause avoidance and panic. Phobias are a relatively common type of anxiety disorder. Phobias can be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy using exposure and fear reduction te...