Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «F»:
Foodborne disease: A disease caused by consuming contaminated food or drink. Myriad microbes and toxic substances can contaminate foods. There are more then 250 known foodborne diseases. The majority are infectious and are caused by bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Other foodborne diseases are ess...
Foot: The end of the leg on which a person normally stands and walks. The foot is an extremely complex anatomic structure made up of 26 bones and 33 joints that must work together with 19 muscles
and 107 ligaments to execute highly precise movements. At the same time the foot must be strong to supp...
Foot drop: See Foot-drop....
Foot fungus: Athlete's foot causes foot itching,
burning, pain, and scaling. It is caused by a fungus and is treated with antifungal
medications, many of which are available over-the-counter. Keeping the feet dry by using
cotton socks and breathable shoes helps prevent athletes foot....
Foot pain: Foot pain is the
sensation of discomfort in the foot arising from disorders or injury to any of
the structures in the foot including bones, nerves, muscles, blood vessels, or connective tissue. There are numerous and varied causes for foot pain, since the foot is an extremely complex an...
Foot type: The category into which a particular foot falls. Foot types are generally classified into one of three categories: pronator, neutral, or supinator.
The pronator type of foot rolls far inward during the weight-bearing phase of the stride. This foot type is characterized by a very low or ...
Foot, athlete: A skin infection caused by a
fungus called Trichophyton which can thrive and infect the upper
layer of the skin when
the feet (or other areas of the body) remain moist, warm, and
irritated. The fungus can be
found on floors and in socks and clothing and can be spread from
Foot-and-mouth disease: A disease caused by a highly infectious virus that can infect people but affects them most by infecting livestock -- cattle, pigs, sheep and goats. The foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is in the same family of viruses as those causing the common cold.
The virus is spr...
Foot-drop brace: See Ankle-foot orthosis....
Footdrop: See Foot-drop....
Footling presentation: There are single-footling or double-footling
presentations depending upon whether the presenting part of the baby at delivery is just
one foot or both feet....
Foramen: A natural opening. Although a foramen is usually through bone, it can be an opening through other types of tissue, as with the foramen ovale in the heart. The plural of foramen is foramina....
Foramen magnum: The large hole at the base of the skull which
allows passage of the spinal cord. ...
Foramen of Magendie
Foramen of Magendie: An opening from the fourth ventricle, which is one in a system of four communicating cavities called
ventricles within the brain that are continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord.
The four ventricles consist of the two lateral
ventricles, the third ventricle and t...
Foramen ovale: An oval opening between the two upper
chambers of the heart (the atria) that is a normal feature of the
fetal and neonatal (newborn) circulation. The foramen ovale normally
closes on its own by 3 months of age. ...