Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «F»:
Familial: A condition that is tends to occur more often in family members than expected by chance alone. A familial disease may be genetic (such as cystic fibrosis) or environmental (such as tuberculosis)....
Familial adenomatous coli, autosomal recessive
Familial adenomatous coli, autosomal recessive: See: MYH....
Familial adenomatous polyposis
Familial adenomatous polyposis: Abbreviated FAP. A syndrome
characterized by the formation of thousands of polyps in the colon and rectum with colorectal cancer the inevitable consequence. Polyps can also occur in the stomach, duodenum and the terminal ileum.
The polyps most often begin to form at...
Familial adenomatous polyps, autosomal recessive
Familial adenomatous polyps, autosomal recessive: See: MYH....
Familial advanced sleep-phase syndrome (FASPS)
Familial advanced sleep-phase syndrome (FASPS): An inherited abnormal sleep pattern in which the individual is a "morning lark" and consistently goes to sleep very early and is very early to rise. The individual's blood melatonin level and the body core temperature rhythm which are preordained by o...
Familial ALS: ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) in which there a family history of the disease. Familial ALS constitutes 5 to 10% of all cases of ALS. There are a number of different types of familial ALS.
They are known as ALS1, ALS2, and so on.
ALS1 -- caused by mutation in the superoxide dismu...
Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in which there a family history of the disease. Familial ALS constitutes 5 to 10% of all cases of ALS. There are a number of different types of familial ALS.
They are known as ALS1, ALS2, and so on.
ALS1 -- caused by mutati...
Familial breast cancer
Familial breast cancer: A number of factors have been identified that
increase the risk of breast cancer. One of the strongest of these risk factors is the
history of breast cancer in a relative. About15-20% of women with breast cancer have such
a family history of the disease, clearly reflecting th...
Familial cancer: Cancer or a predisposition (tendency) to it that
runs in families. ...
Familial colorectal cancer
Familial colorectal cancer: A label applied to families that contain an unusual aggregation of members with cancer of the colon or rectum but that do not appear to have a known inherited colorectal cancer syndrome. Familial colorectal cancer (FCC) is essentially a descriptive term and does not point...
Familial cylindromatosis: A genetic syndrome in which numerous benign tumors of skin
adnexa (such as the
sweat glands) develop, principally on the head and neck. This disorder is inherited in an autosomal manner and is caused by mutation of the CYLD
gene on chromosome 16q12-q13. Mutation of CYLD...
Familial dysautonomia: A genetic disorder of the autonomic nervous system, affecting especially Ashkenazi Jewish children. Familial dysautonomia is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and is due to mutation in the IKBKAP gene on chromosome 9q31. Dysautonomia refers to the dysfunction of the a...
Familial eosinophilia: An autosomal dominant condition characterized by an abnormally high level of eosinophils in the blood. Despite the prolonged
eosinophilia, there may be no symptoms. The gene for familial eosinophilia, called EOS, has been mapped to chromosome region 5q31-33 containing the cyt...
hypercholesterolemia: The most
common inherited type of hyperlipidemia (high lipid levels in blood). One in every
500 children is born with familial hypercholesterolemia. The condition
predisposes to premature arteriosclerosis including coronary
artery disease with heart attacks at ...
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: A genetic
disorder of the heart characterized by increased growth (hypertrophy) in thickness of the wall of the left ventricle, the largest of
the four chambers of the heart.
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHCM) can surface any time in life. It may, in...