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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «F»:

  1. Fowl plague Fowl plague
    Fowl plague: See: Avian influenza....
  2. Fraction, ejection Fraction, ejection
    Fraction, ejection: The portion of blood that is pumped out of a filled ventricle as a result of a heartbeat. The heart does not eject all of the blood that is in the ventricle. Normally, about two-thirds of the blood is pumped out with each beat. That fraction is referred to the ejection fraction....
  3. Fracture Fracture
    Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually the result of trauma, a fracture can be caused by an acquired disease of bone such as osteoporosis or by abnormal formation of bone in a disease such as osteogenesis imperfecta ("brittle bone disease"). Fractures are classified according to th...
  4. Fracture, basilar Fracture, basilar
    Fracture, basilar: A break in bone at the base of the skull. About a half of basilar fractures are caused by bicycle or motor vehicle accidents, about a quarter by falls, and a tenth by recreational activities, particularly by diving accidents. The balance are due to other causes. No matter what ca...
  5. Fracture, clay-shoveler's Fracture, clay-shoveler's
    Fracture, clay-shoveler's: An uncommon breakage of the spine of the vertebrae from the lower neck or upper back as a result of stress. Clay-shoveler's fracture usually occurs in laborers who perform activities involving lifting weights rapidly with the arms extended. Examples of these activities...
  6. Fracture, comminuted Fracture, comminuted
    Fracture, comminuted: A fracture in which bone is broken, splintered or crushed into a number of pieces. A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an acquired disease of bone such as osteoporosis or abnormal formation of bone in a congenital...
  7. Fracture, compound Fracture, compound
    Fracture, compound: A fracture in which the bone is sticking through the skin. Also called an open fracture. A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an acquired disease of bone such as osteoporosis or abnormal formation of bone in a congeni...
  8. Fracture, compression Fracture, compression
    Fracture, compression: A fracture caused by compression, the act of pressing together. Compression fractures of the vertebrae are especially common in the elderly. A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an acquired disease of bone such a...
  9. Fracture, greenstick Fracture, greenstick
    Fracture, greenstick: A fracture in which one side of a bone is broken while the other is bent (like a green stick). A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an acquired disease of bone such as osteoporosis or abnormal formation of bone in a...
  10. Fracture, hangman's Fracture, hangman's
    Fracture, hangman's: See: Hangman's fracture....
  11. Fracture, open Fracture, open
    Fracture, open: A fracture in which the bone is sticking through the skin. Also called a compound fracture. A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an acquired disease of bone such as osteoporosis or abnormal formation of bone in a congeni...
  12. Fracture, Salter-Harris Fracture, Salter-Harris
    Fracture, Salter-Harris: A traumatic fracture around or through the growth plate (the epiphyseal plate) of a bone in a child....
  13. Fracture, spiral Fracture, spiral
    Fracture, spiral: A fracture, sometimes called a torsion fracture, in which a bone has been twisted apart. A fracture is any break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an acquired disease of bone such as osteoporosis or abnormal formation of bone in a congeni...
  14. Fracture, stress Fracture, stress
    Fracture, stress: A fracture caused by repetitive stress, as may occur in sports, strenuous exercise, or heavy physical labor. Stress fractures are especially common in the metatarsal bones of foot, particularly in runners. Osteoporosis increases the possibility of stress fractures. Treatment ...
  15. Fracture, toddler's Fracture, toddler's
    Fracture, toddler's: A torsion fracture of the tibia, without bone displacement....