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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «F»:

  1. FAS gene FAS gene
    FAS gene: A gene that encodes one of several proteins important to apoptosis, the normal process through which cells die. Mutations in the FAS gene have been found in ALPS (the autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome), a disease in which there is failure of lymphocytes to die on schedule. As a resul...
  2. Fascia Fascia
    Fascia: A flat band of tissue below the skin that covers the underlying tissues and separates different layers of tissue. Fascia encloses muscles. Inflammation of the fascia is referred to as fasciitis. "Fascia" is the Latin word for "band or bandage."...
  3. Fasciculation Fasciculation
    Fasciculation: Involuntary contractions or twitchings of groups of muscle fibers. Fasciculations can occur in normal individuals without an associated disease or condition and can also occur as a result of illness, such as muscle cramps, nerve diseases, and metabolism imbalances....
  4. Fasciitis Fasciitis
    Fasciitis: Inflammation of the fascia (a lining tissue under the skin that covers a surface of underlying tissues)....
  5. Fasciitis, eosinophilic Fasciitis, eosinophilic
    Fasciitis, eosinophilic: A disease that leads to inflammation and thickening of the skin and of the lining tissue fascia under the skin that covers the surface of underlying tissues. In eosinophilic fasciitis, the involved fascia is inflamed with the eosinophil white blood cells. Progressive thi...
  6. Fasciitis, plantar Fasciitis, plantar
    Fasciitis, plantar: Inflammation of the plantar fascia (fasciitis), the "bowstring-like" tissue stretching from the heel underneath the sole. Plantar fasciitis is often due to a bony spur projecting from the underside of the heel that makes walking painful. Spurs under the sole (planta...
  7. Fascinoma Fascinoma
    Fascinoma: Medical slang for a fascinating case, usually involving a rare disease....
  8. Fasciola hepatica Fasciola hepatica
    Fasciola hepatica: A parasite called the liver fluke which causes Fascioliasis or "liver rot" in ruminants and many other mammals, including people. Eating contaminated vegetation such as watercress is a common mode of infection. Fasciola hepatica is cosmopolitan in distribution being found througho...
  9. Fascioliasis Fascioliasis
    Fascioliasis: See: Fasciola hepatica....
  10. Fasciolopsiasis Fasciolopsiasis
    Fasciolopsiasis: Infection with Fasciola flukes such as Fasciolopsis buski. See: Fasciolopsis....
  11. Fasciolopsis Fasciolopsis
    Fasciolopsis: A parasite that is the largest intestinal fluke in humans. Known scientifically as Fasciolopsis buski and popularly as the giant intestinal fluke. Infection occurs primarily in Asia and the Indian subcontinent, especially in areas where humans raise pigs and consume freshwater plants...
  12. Fasciolopsis buski Fasciolopsis buski
    Fasciolopsis buski: The giant intestinal fluke. See: Fasciolopsis....
  13. Fasting Fasting
    Fasting: going without food or drink. Patients may be advised to fast for a certain period of time prior to surgery, medical procedures, or certain blood tests....
  14. Fasting blood glucose Fasting blood glucose
    Fasting blood glucose: A method for learning how much glucose (sugar) there is in a blood sample taken after an overnight fast. The fasting blood glucose test is commonly used in the detection of diabetes mellitus. A blood sample is taken in a lab, doctor's office, or hospital. The test is done in ...
  15. Fat Fat
    Fat: 1 Along with proteins and carbohydrates, one of the three nutrients used as energy sources by the body. The energy produced by fats is 9 calories per gram. Proteins and carbohydrates each provide 4 calories per gram. 2 Total fat; the sum of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. I...