Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «F»:
FAS gene: A gene that encodes one of several proteins important to apoptosis, the normal process through which cells die. Mutations in the FAS gene have been found in ALPS (the autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome), a disease in which there is failure of lymphocytes to die on schedule. As a resul...
Fascia: A flat band of tissue below the skin that covers the
underlying tissues and separates different layers of tissue. Fascia encloses muscles. Inflammation of the fascia is referred to as fasciitis.
"Fascia" is the Latin word for "band or bandage."...
Fasciculation: Involuntary contractions or twitchings of groups of muscle fibers. Fasciculations can occur in normal individuals without an associated disease or condition and can also occur as a result of illness, such as muscle cramps, nerve diseases, and metabolism imbalances....
Fasciitis: Inflammation of the fascia (a lining tissue
under the skin that covers a surface of underlying tissues)....
Fasciitis, eosinophilic: A disease that leads to inflammation and thickening of the skin and of the
lining tissue fascia under the skin that covers the surface of underlying
tissues. In eosinophilic fasciitis,
the involved fascia is inflamed with the eosinophil white blood cells.
Fasciitis, plantar: Inflammation of the plantar
fascia (fasciitis), the "bowstring-like" tissue stretching
from the heel underneath the sole. Plantar fasciitis is often due to
a bony spur projecting from the underside of the heel that makes
walking painful. Spurs under the sole (planta...
Fascinoma: Medical slang for a fascinating case, usually involving a rare disease....
Fasciola hepatica: A parasite called the liver fluke which causes Fascioliasis or "liver rot" in ruminants and many other mammals, including people. Eating contaminated vegetation such as watercress is a common mode of infection. Fasciola hepatica is cosmopolitan in distribution being found througho...
Fascioliasis: See: Fasciola hepatica....
Fasciolopsiasis: Infection with Fasciola flukes such as Fasciolopsis buski. See: Fasciolopsis....
Fasciolopsis: A parasite that is the largest intestinal fluke in humans. Known scientifically as Fasciolopsis buski and popularly as the giant intestinal fluke. Infection occurs primarily in Asia and the Indian subcontinent, especially in areas where humans raise pigs and consume freshwater plants...
Fasciolopsis buski: The giant intestinal fluke. See: Fasciolopsis....
Fasting: going without food or drink. Patients may be advised to fast for a
certain period of time prior to surgery, medical procedures, or certain blood
Fasting blood glucose
Fasting blood glucose: A method for
how much glucose (sugar) there is in a blood sample taken
after an overnight fast. The fasting blood glucose test is commonly
the detection of diabetes mellitus. A blood sample is taken in a lab,
office, or hospital. The test is done in ...
Fat: 1 Along with proteins and carbohydrates, one of the three nutrients used as energy sources by the body. The energy produced by fats is 9 calories per gram. Proteins and carbohydrates each provide 4 calories per gram. 2 Total fat; the sum of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. I...