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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «G»:

  1. Genetic screening Genetic screening
    Genetic screening: Testing a population to identify individuals at risk for a genetic disease or for transmitting it. Newborns may be screened for PKU (phenylketonuria), Jews for the gene for Tay-Sachs disease, Blacks for the sickle cell gene, etc. ...
  2. Genetic testing Genetic testing
    Genetic testing: Tests done for clinical genetic purposes. Genetic tests may be done for diverse purposes pertaining to clinical genetics, including the diagnosis of genetic disease in children and adults; the identification of future disease risks; the prediction of drug responses; and the detecti...
  3. Genetic transformation Genetic transformation
    Genetic transformation: A process by which the genetic material carried by an individual cell is altered by the incorporation of foreign (exogenous) DNA into its genome....
  4. Genetic transport defect Genetic transport defect
    Genetic transport disease: Within the body, many molecules are able to pass across the membranes that surround cells. These molecules can accomplish this feat due to specific transport systems. These systems include special receptors on the membrane of the cell and special carrier proteins. The re...
  5. Genetic transposition Genetic transposition
    Genetic transposition: The ability of genes to change position on chromosomes, a process in which a transposable element is removed from one site and inserted into a second site in the DNA. Genetic transposition was the first type of genetic instability to be discovered. This remarkable phenomeno...
  6. Genetics Genetics
    Genetics: The scientific study of heredity. Genetics pertains to humans and all other organisms. So, for example, there is human genetics, mouse genetics, fruitfly genetics, etc. Human genetics today comprises a number of overlapping fields, including: Classical or formal genetics -- the study of ...
  7. Genetics of Parkinson disease Genetics of Parkinson disease
    Genetics of Parkinson disease: See: Parkinson disease gene....
  8. Genetics, forensic Genetics, forensic
    Genetics, forensic: See: Forensic genetics....
  9. Genetics, transplantation Genetics, transplantation
    Genetics, transplantation: The field of biology and medicine relating to the genes that govern the acceptance or rejection of a transplant. The most important genes deciding the fate of a transplanted cell, tissue, or organ belong to what is termed the MHC (the major histocompatibility complex). Th...
  10. Genital Genital
    Genital: Pertaining to the external and internal organs of reproduction. (Not to be confused with genetic.) ...
  11. Genital herpes Genital herpes
    Genital herpes: A viral infection transmitted through intimate contact with the moist mucous linings of the genitals. This contact can involve the mouth, the vagina or the genital skin. The herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2) enters the mucous membranes through microscopic tears. Once inside the body, HSV...
  12. Genital wart Genital wart
    Genital wart: A wart in the moist skin of the genitals or around the anus. Genital warts are due to a human papillomavirus (HPV). The HPVs, including those that cause genital warts, are transmitted through sexual contact. HPV can also be transmitted from mother to baby during childbirth. Most peo...
  13. Genitalia Genitalia
    Genitalia: The male and female reproductive organs. The genitalia include internal structures such as the ovary, and external structures such as the penis. See also: Female organs of reproduction; Male organs of reproduction....
  14. Genitalia, ambiguous Genitalia, ambiguous
    Genitalia, ambiguous: See: Ambiguous genitalia....
  15. Genitalia, female Genitalia, female
    Genitalia, female: See: Female genitalia....