Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «G»:
Genome, mouse: All of the genetic information contained in the laboratory mouse (Mus musculus).
The genomes of particular nonhuman organisms such as the mouse have been studied for a number of reasons including the need to improve sequencing and analysis techniques. These nonhuman genomes also pro...
Genome, Mus musculus
Genome, Mus musculus: All of the genetic information contained in Mus musculus, the laboratory mouse.
The genomes of particular nonhuman organisms such as the mouse have been studied for a number of reasons including the need to improve sequencing and analysis techniques. These nonhuman genomes al...
Genome, mustard Arabidopsis thaliana
Genome, mustard Arabidopsis thaliana: See: Arabidopsis thaliana genome....
Genome, plague: See: Plague bacterium genome....
Genome, rice: The first commercially important plant to have its genome sequenced. This feat, completed early in 2001, is particularly important because rice is a staple food for a large portion of the population of the world. With the rice sequence, genes can be located to improve yields and make r...
Genome, roundworm: See: C. elegans genome....
Genome, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Genome, Saccharomyces cerevisiae: See: Yeast genome....
Genome, Vibrio cholerae
Genome, Vibrio cholerae: The genome of the bacterium that causes cholera. This genome contains over 4 million bases in its DNA including the sequences for nearly 4,000 genes.
The Vibrio cholerae genome is remarkable in that it is arranged in two circular chromosomes. The larger of the two chromosome...
Genome, yeast: See: Yeast genome....
Genome, Yersinia pestis
Genome, Yersinia pestis: See: Plague bacterium genome....
Genomic: Pertaining to the genome, all of the genetic information possessed by any organism.
There are, for instance, the human genome, the elephant genome, the mouse genome, the yeast genome, etc. Humans and many other higher animals have two genomes, namely:
A chromosomal genome which is in the ...
Genomic imprinting: The phenomenon of parent-of-origin gene expression. The expression of a gene depends upon the parent who passed on the gene.
For instance, two different disorders - Prader-Willi syndrome and Angelman syndrome -- are due to deletion of the same part of chromosome 15. When the de...
Genomic library: A collection of clones made from a set
of randomly generated overlapping DNA fragments representing the entire genome of an
organism. As a molecular genetic sequel to John Steinbeck's "Of Mice and
Men", today you can have a mouse genomic library or a human genomic library....
Genomic segment: A region of the genome; it encompasses objects described as loci or probes. Genomic segments can range in size from points to regions as large as an entire chromosome.
There are many types of genomic regions. On a technical level, they include genes, gene elements, amplimers (PCR ma...
Genomics: The study of genes and their function. Genomics aims to understand the structure of the genome, including the mapping genes and sequencing the DNA. Genomics examines the molecular mechanisms and the interplay of genetic and environmental factors in disease.