Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «I»:
Indwelling bladder catheter
Indwelling bladder catheter: See: Catheter, indwelling bladder....
Infant: A child up to 2 years (24 months) of age.
The word "infant" came from the Latin infans which was derived from in-, not + Fari, to speak = not to speak, speechless. The idea was that, since the ability to speak was thought to arrive at the age of two, younger children were infants.
By an od...
Infant carbohydrate intake
Infant carbohydrate intake: Carbohydrates (glucose, lactose, sucrose, galactose, etc.) are sugars or several sugars linked together. Carbohydrates provide energy (calories) for the brain tissues, muscles, and other organs.
Lactose is a carbohydrate consisting of glucose linked to galactose. Lactose ...
Infant fat requirements
Infant fat requirements: Fat in human milk provides 30%-35% of the total daily caloric needs for a growing infant.
Manufacturers of infant formulas utilize many different vegetable oils for fat including
corn, soy, safflower, and coconut oils.
Some formulas contain "predigested" fats known as me...
Infant formula: A substitute for breast milk for feeding infants.
Pediatricians generally advise exclusively breastfeeding (that is, breastfeeding with no formula) for all full term, healthy infants for the first 6 months of life. However, many infants are formula-fed today, at least in part. For in...
Infant in swaddling
Infant in swaddling: The symbol of pediatrics and child health. Also known as the della Robbia or the bambino. The infant in swaddling was chosen by the Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) as its symbol in the early 1930s and has since become the international symbol of pediatrics. The design was derived f...
Infant iron supplementation
Infant iron supplementation: Iron is included in most infant formulas. Therefore, there is no evidence that iron supplementation is necessary for healthy formula-fed, full-term infants.
In the past it was recommended that infants from birth to 4 months of age could receive a lower quantity of iron c...
Infant mineral requirements
Infant mineral requirements: Minerals (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, iodine, copper and zinc) and trace elements (manganese, chromium,
selenium, and molybdenum) are included in most infant formulas. Therefore, there is no evidence that mineral
supplementation are necessary for healthy form...
Infant mortality rate
Infant mortality rate: The number of children dying
under a year of age divided by the number of live births that year. The infant mortality rate is also called the infant death
The infant mortality rate is an important measure of the well-being of infants, children, and pregnant women becau...
Infant protein requirements
Infant protein requirements: Proteins contain different amino acids that are linked together. Proteins provide both calories and the amino acid building blocks that are necessary for proper growth. The protein in human milk provides between 10%-15% of an infant's daily caloric need.
Casein and whey ...
Infant vitamin requirements
Infant vitamin requirements: Vitamins are organic substances that are essential in minute quantities for the proper growth, maintenance, and functioning of the baby. Vitamins must be obtained from food because the body cannot produce them. The exception is vitamin D, which can be produced by the ski...
Infant water requirements
Infant water requirements: Water is an important part of a baby's diet because water makes up a large proportion of the baby's body.
When properly prepared, all infant formulas are approximately 85% water. Infant formulas are available in three forms: liquid ready-to-use, liquid concentrate, and pow...
Infant, post-term: An overly mature baby that has not been born until well after the usual term pregnancy.
A post-term baby is specifically one born 2 weeks (14 days) or more after the usual 9 months (280 days) of gestation. The gestation (length of the pregnancy) is calculated from the date of the...
Infant, postmature: A baby born 2 weeks (14 days) or more after the usual 9 months (280 days) of gestation. The gestation (length of the pregnancy) is calculated from the date of the last menstrual period (LMP). This is an important calculation since, if delivery is delayed 3 weeks beyond term, the ...
Infant, small for gestational age
Infant, small for gestational age: Small for gestational age (SGA) infants weigh 2500 g
or less at birth and are considered to have intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), given their gestational age. By contrast, an infant may weighs 2500 g or less simply
because of prematurity....