Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «K»:
Kinder-cam: See: Kiddie cam....
Kindercam: See: Kiddie cam....
Kindred: An extended family or clan, a group of related individuals. The term "kindred" is used in population studies of diseases or genetic traits.
For example, a syndrome of progressive retinal disease, endocrine (hormonal) abnormalities and degenerative liver disease was observed in eight patien...
Kinesin: A family of microtubule motor proteins active in mitosis. The kinesins use chemical energy from the hydrolysis of ATP (adenosine triphosphatase) to generate mechanical force. They bind tightly to and move along the microtubules. The kinesins are not related in sequence to the other known c...
Kinetic: With movement. The opposite of kinetic
is akinetic. It means
without movement. In neurology, kinetic and akinetic denote
the presence or
absence of movement. Kinetic comes from the Greek word
"kinesis" for motion.
The term "akinetic" is put together from the prefix "a-"
Kinetics: Kinetics (with an "s" at the end)
refers to the rate of change in
a biochemical (or other) reaction, the study of reaction
rates. Kinetics is
a noun. It is distinct from "kinetic" (an adjective)
meaning with movement.
The opposite of kinetic is akinetic meaning without
movement. In ne...
King's evil: An old term for tuberculosis of the lymph nodes in the neck. Also known as scrofula....
Kingella kingae: A type of bacteria that has emerged from obscurity to become known as an important cause of invasive infections in young children. These infections include especially septic arthritis (infection of joints), osteomyelitis (infection of bone), spondylodiscitis (infection of the spine ...
Kinky hair syndrome
Kinky hair syndrome: See: Menkes syndrome....
Kinome: A subset of the genome consisting of the protein kinase genes. The complete complement of over 500 protein kinases constitutes one of the largest of all human gene families. Protein kinases act as key regulators of cell function by catalyzing (facilitating) the addition of a negatively charg...
Kinsey Report: A report entitled "Sexual
Behavior in the Human Male" published by Alfred Charles Kinsey's in 1948 that attracted great attention.
The Kinsey Report, as it was known, was based on extensive interviews with 18,500 subjects. The Report revealed that many practices considered "sexual pe...
Kinship: Relationship by marriage or, specifically, a blood tie. ...
Kirklin: See: Kirklin, John W.....
Kirklin, John W.
Kirklin, John W.: American cardiovascular surgeon (1920-2004) who improved and applied the heart-lung machine to open heart surgery. Dr. Kirklin refined the Gibbon heart-lung machine (an apparatus developed by John H. Gibbon) to circulate blood while the heart was stopped during surgery. In the 1950...
Kiss: A touch or caress with the lips.
"The anatomical juxtaposition of two orbicularis oris muscles in a state of contraction." -- Henry Gibbons, Sr., MD (1808-1884) (This definition does not apply universally as a kiss can also refer to the single application of one's lips against anything else...