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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «K»:

  1. Knockout Knockout
    Knockout: Inactivation of specific genes. Knockouts are often created in laboratory organisms such as yeast or mice so that scientists can study the knockout organism as a model for a particular disease....
  2. Knockout mouse Knockout mouse
    Knockout mouse: A mouse missing a single gene (that has been knocked out). Knockout mice are used in biomedical research....
  3. Knuckle Knuckle
    Knuckle: The dorsal aspect of the flexed metacarpophalangeal joint. Knuckle may be shorter and simpler to say. ...
  4. Koch's postulates Koch's postulates
    Koch's postulates: In 1890 the German physician and bacteriologist Robert Koch set out his celebrated criteria for judging whether a given bacteria is the cause of a given disease. Koch's criteria brought some much-needed scientific clarity to what was then a very confused field. Koch's postulat...
  5. Kok disease Kok disease
    Kok disease: A genetic disorder also known as hyperexplexia in which babies have an exaggerated startle reflex (reaction). This disorder was not recognized until 1962 when it was described by Drs. Kok and Bruyn as a disease with the onset at birth of hypertonia (stiffness), exaggerated startle respo...
  6. Koplik's spots Koplik's spots
    Koplik's spots: Little spots inside the mouth that are highly characteristic of the early phase of measles (rubeola). The spots look like a tiny grains of white sand, each surrounded by a red ring. They are found especially on the inside of the cheek (the buccal mucosa) opposite the 1st and 2n...
  7. Kostmann disease Kostmann disease
    Kostmann disease: Children born with this condition lack neutrophils (a type of white blood cell that is important in fighting infection). These children suffer frequent infections from bacteria which in the past led to death in three-quarters of cases before 3 years of age. This disease is also kn...
  8. Krabbe disease Krabbe disease
    Krabbe disease: A progressive degenerative disorder of the nervous system due to mutation in the galactosylceramidase (GALC) gene, leading to the accumulation of galactocerebroside and destruction of myelin, a fatty material that surrounds and insulates nerves. (Galactocerebroside is a component o...
  9. Krukenberg tumor Krukenberg tumor
    Krukenberg tumor: A tumor of the ovary caused by the spread of stomach cancer. When the stomach cancer spreads to an ovary, the tumor in the ovary is called a Krukenberg tumor. (This tumor, named for a doctor, is not a different disease; it is metastatic stomach cancer. The cancer cells in a Kr...
  10. KSS KSS
    KSS: Kearns-Sayre syndrome....
  11. KUB KUB
    KUB: Kidney, ureter, and bladder....
  12. KUB film KUB film
    KUB film: An X-ray showing the kidney, ureter, and bladder. This is in reality a plain abdominal X-ray and includes other structures such as the diaphragm above and the pelvis below....
  13. Kubler-Ross Kubler-Ross
    Kübler-Ross: See: Kübler-Ross, Elisabeth....
  14. Kubler-Ross, Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, Elisabeth
    Kübler-Ross, Elisabeth: (1926-2004) Swiss-born American psychiatrist whose work with and teching about terminally ill patients helped alter attitudes toward death and the care of the dying. She opposed the taboo against openly discussing and studying death and was a force in the US for the crea...
  15. Kubler-Ross, Elizabeth Kubler-Ross, Elizabeth
    Kubler-Ross, Elizabeth: See: Kubler-Ross, Elisabeth....