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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «M»:

  1. Mastectomy, modified radical Mastectomy, modified radical
    Mastectomy, modified radical: Removal of the breast tissue and the axillary lymph nodes, which are under the arms....
  2. Mastectomy, preventative Mastectomy, preventative
    Mastectomy, preventative: Removal of one or both breasts without the current presence of cancer. This surgery is sometimes chosen as a preventative measure by women who have a strong history of familial breast cancer....
  3. Mastectomy, prophylactic Mastectomy, prophylactic
    Mastectomy, prophylactic: Removal of one or both breasts without the current presence of cancer. This surgery is sometimes chosen as a preventative measure by women who have a strong history of familial breast cancer. Also called a preventative mastectomy....
  4. Mastectomy, radical Mastectomy, radical
    Mastectomy, radical: Removal of all breast tissue, from just under the collar bone to the abdomen, including the chest wall muscles. The axillary lymph nodes are also removed. This operation is rarely used anymore, having first been replaced by the modified radical mastectomy and then by even l...
  5. Mastectomy, simple Mastectomy, simple
    Mastectomy, simple: Removal of one or both breasts, but not the lymph nodes....
  6. Mastectomy, subcutaneous Mastectomy, subcutaneous
    Mastectomy, subcutaneous: Removal of breast tissue using a minimal incision. This type of mastectomy may be used to remove small areas of suspicious or cancerous tissue, but can also be a cosmetic surgery procedure. For example, subcutaneous mastectomy can reduce the volume of enlarged male bre...
  7. Masticate Masticate
    Masticate: To chew, grind, or pulverize food (or something else) until it turns to pulp. From the Latin masticare, from the Greek mastikhan meaning to grind the teeth. ...
  8. Mastitis Mastitis
    Mastitis: Inflammation of one or more mammary glands within the breast, usually in a lactating woman. It can be felt as a hard, sore spot within the breast. Mastitis can be caused by an infection in the breast or by a plugged milk duct. Treatment is by rest, applying warm compresses to the affec...
  9. Mastocyte Mastocyte
    Mastocyte: A mast cell....
  10. Mastocytoma Mastocytoma
    Mastocytoma: A form of mastocytosis characterized by a benign nodular skin tumor infiltrated by mast cells. Usually present at birth or in early childhood and resolves spontaneously. Also called a mast cell tumor....
  11. Mastocytosis Mastocytosis
    Mastocytosis: A condition characterized by infiltration of mast cells into the tissues of the body. Mast cells are connective tissue cells which release chemicals including histamine that are very irritating and cause itching, swelling, and fluid leakage from cells. There are several different clini...
  12. Mastoid Mastoid
    Mastoid: The rounded protrusion of bone just behind the ear once thought to look like the breast. The word comes from the Greek mastos meaning breast + -oid= breast-like. ...
  13. Mastoiditis Mastoiditis
    Mastoiditis: Inflammation of the mastoid, often secondary to ear infection. ...
  14. Materfamilias Materfamilias
    Materfamilias: The female head of the family; the mother figure. Materfamilias is the Latin for mother of the household. It is compounded from mater (mother) + familias, which comes from familia (household), from famulus (servant, slave). The masculine counterpart is the paterfamilias....
  15. Materia medica Materia medica
    Materia medica: 1. The ingredients used to make medications, whether those be for medicine, homeopathy, herbal medicine, or whatever. 2. The branch of medical science concerned with the study of drugs and their properties, preparation, administration, and such. A synonym for pharmacology. Dr. Olive...