Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «N»:
Neuron: A nerve cell that sends and receives electrical signals over long distances within the body. A neuron may send electrical output signals to muscle neurons (called motor neurons or motoneurons) and to other neurons. A neuron may receive electrical input signals from sensory cells (called sens...
Neuron, arcuate: See: Arcuate neuron....
Neuron, sensory: See: Sensory neuron....
Neuron, spindle: See: Spindle neuron....
Neuron-specific enolase (NSE)
Neuron-specific enolase (NSE): Neuron-specific enolase
(NSE) is a substance that has been detected in patients with certain
tumors, namely: neuroblastoma, small cell lung cancer, medullary
thyroid cancer, carcinoid tumors, pancreatic endocrine tumors, and
Studies of NSE as a tumor m...
Neurone: A variant spelling of neuron. Sometimes preferred in the UK, as in "His suffering from motor neurone disease (MND) was finally over because he had chosen to die." (article by Lesley Close in The Guardian, May 25, 2004) See: Neuron....
Neuronitis, vestibular: See: Vestibular neuronitis....
Neurooncologist: A physician trained to diagnose and treat patients with brain tumors and other types of tumors of the nervous system. From neuro- + oncology and sometimes written with a hyphen as neuro-oncologist.
A neurooncologist may be one of a number of types of physicians:
A neurologist: A p...
Neuropathic pain: Chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. The injury can be to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) or the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord). Neuropathic pain can occur after trauma and many diseases such as multiple...
Neuropathologist: A pathologist who
specializes in the diagnosis of diseases of the brain and nervous system by microscopic examination of the tissue and other means....
Neuropathy: Any and all disease or malfunction of
Neuropathy, accessory: See: Accessory neuropathy....
Neuropathy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth: See Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease....
Neuropathy, diabetic: See: Diabetic neuropathy....
Neuropathy, hypoglossal: See: Hypoglossal neuropathy....