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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «N»:

  1. Niacin Niacin
    Niacin: Nicotinic acid, one of the B-complex B vitamins. Deficiency of niacin in the diet results in the disease pellagra. See: Pellagra....
  2. Niacin deficiency Niacin deficiency
    Niacin deficiency: See: Pellagra....
  3. Niacin for high cholesterol Niacin for high cholesterol
    Niacin for high cholesterol: Niacin or nicotinic acid, one of the water-soluble B vitamins, given to lower cholesterol. Nicotinic acid lowers the total cholesterol, "bad" LDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride levels, while raising the "good" HDL-cholesterol level. There are two types of nicotinic a...
  4. NIAID (Nat'l Inst of Allergy and Infectious Dis.) NIAID (Nat'l Inst of Allergy and Infectious Dis.)
    NIAID (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases): One of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), the mission of the NIAID is "to support and conduct research and research training (that) strives to understand, treat, and ultimately prevent the myriad infectious, immunologic,...
  5. NIAMS NIAMS
    NIAMS: Stands for National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, one of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S. NIAMS's mission is "conduct and support a broad spectrum of research on normal structure and function of bones, muscles, and skin, as well as the numero...
  6. NICHD NICHD
    NICHD: The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, one of the US National Institutes of Health. NICHD is in a sense the NIH for kids in that it is concerned with child health. The mission of the NICHD is, in formal terms, to support and conduct "research on fertility, pregnancy...
  7. Nickel Nickel
    Nickel: A silver-white metallic element. Long-term exposure to nickel, such as from jewelry, can cause a form of contact dermatitis called nickel dermatitis. Exposure to nickel fumes can cause nasal cancer and lung cancer....
  8. Nicotiana tabacum Nicotiana tabacum
    Nicotiana tabacum: A South American herb whose leaves contain 2-8% nicotine and serve as the source of smoking and smokeless tobacco and the basis of huge health problems. Nicotiana tabacum belongs to the nightshade family, which also includes potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant and red peppers. All contai...
  9. Nicotine Nicotine
    Nicotine: An alkaloid (a nitrogen-containing chemical) made by the tobacco plant or produced synthetically. In the plant kingdom, nicotine is not restricted to tobacco but is widespread. The tobacco plant, Nicotiana tabacum, belongs to the nightshade family, which also includes potatoes, tomatoes, e...
  10. Nicotinic acid Nicotinic acid
    Nicotinic acid: Deficiency of nicotinic acid (also known as niacin), one of the B-complex vitamins, causes pellagra. Pellagra was known as the "disease of the four D's" -- dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia and death. The disease is specifically characterized by: Dermatitis: A rash on areas of the s...
  11. Nictitate Nictitate
    Nictitate: To wink. Nictitating spasm is spasm of the eyelid with continuous winking. "Nictitate" and the older verb "nictate" both come from the Latin word for winking, "nictare."...
  12. Nictitating spasm Nictitating spasm
    Nictitating spasm: Spasm of the eyelid with continuous winking. To nictitiate is to wink. "Nictitate" and the older verb "nictate" both come from the Latin word for winking, "nictare."...
  13. NICU NICU
    NICU: Newborn, or Neonatal, Intensive Care Unit, an intensive care unit designed for premature and ill newborn babies. Less often, NICU may refer to a Neurologic Intensive Care Unit....
  14. NIDA NIDA
    NIDA: Stands for the National Institute on Drug Abuse, one of the National Institutes of Health in the U.S., whose mission is to "lead the nation in bringing the power of science to bear on drug abuse and addiction through support and conduct of research across a broad range of disciplines an...
  15. NIDCD NIDCD
    NIDCD: Stands for National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, one of the US National Institutes of Health (the NIH). The mission of the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders is to "conduct and support biomedical research and research training on no...