Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «N»:
Nostradamus: Celebrated French physician and astrologer (1503-1566), born Michel de Notredame.
Nostradamus studied medicine in Montpellier, started
practicing medicine in 1525, introduced better ways of treating plague victims, and became royal physician to King Charles IX. In 1550, he began writi...
Nostril: One of the openings in the nose that allows air to flow in and out of the nasal cavities. The word nostril comes from the Old English nosu, nose + thyrel, hole = the nose hole....
Nostrum: A worthless remedy.
"Nostrum" is an example of a term that came from medicine, entered the world beyond medicine, fell into disuse in medicine, but is still used outside medicine.
A nostrum was a medicine of secret composition recommended by the person who concocted it but with no sci...
Notifiable disease: See: Reportable disease....
Novel H1N1 influenza
Novel H1N1 influenza: A virus responsible for a
flu pandemic in 2009 that
was originally referred to as "swine flu" because many of the genes in this new
virus were very similar to influenza viruses that normally occur in pigs in North America. However, the
virus is actually a novel influenza A...
Novercal: Stepmotherly; pertaining to a stepmother. From the Latin novercalis, from noverca meaning stepmother....
NP: Nurse practitioner....
NPCR: National Program of Cancer Registries....
NPH: Normal pressure hydrocephalus....
NREM sleep: NREM (non-rapid eye movement) sleep is dreamless sleep. During NREM, the brain waves on the electroencephalographic (EEG) recording are typically slow and of high voltage, the breathing and heart rate are slow and regular, the blood pressure is low, and the sleeper is relatively still. ...
NS: Noonan syndrome, a
multifaceted condition characterized by a series of birth
defects (congenital malformations) including short stature
after birth (postnatal growth retardation), webbing of the
neck (pterygium colli), caved-in chestbone (pectus
excavatum), narrowing of the artery from t...
anti-inflammatory drug. NSAIDs are commonly prescribed for the inflammation of arthritis and other body tissues, such as in tendinitis and bursitis.
Examples of NSAIDs include aspirin, indomethacin (Indocin), ibuprofen
(Motrin), naproxen (Naprosyn), piroxicam (Feldene), and nab...
NSE (neuron-specific enolase)
NSE (neuron-specific enolase): Neuron-specific enolase
(NSE) is a substance that has been detected in patients with certain
tumors, namely: neuroblastoma, small cell lung cancer, medullary
thyroid cancer, carcinoid tumors, endocrine tumors of the pancreas,
Studies of NSE as a tum...
NSSI: see: non-suicidal self injury....
NTD: Neural tube defect, a major birth defect caused by abnormal development of the neural tube, the structure present during embryonic life which gives rise to the central nervous system -- the brain and spinal cord. Neural tube defects (NTDs) are among the most common birth defects that cause infa...