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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «P»:

  1. Parathyroid hormone Parathyroid hormone
    Parathyroid hormone: See Parathormone....
  2. Parathyroid insufficiency Parathyroid insufficiency
    Parathyroid insufficiency: See: Hypoparathyroidism....
  3. Parathyroidectomy Parathyroidectomy
    Parathyroidectomy: Surgical removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands. Parathyroidectomy is usually done to treat hyperparathyroidism. Primary hyperparathyroidism is the most common disorder of the parathyroid glands, and is characterized by an elevation in the blood levels of calcium, loss o...
  4. Parathyroids, hypoplasia of the thymus and Parathyroids, hypoplasia of the thymus and
    Parathyroids, hypoplasia of the thymus and: See: DiGeorge syndrome....
  5. Parenchyma Parenchyma
    Parenchyma: The key elements of an organ essential to its functioning, as distinct from the capsule that encompasses it and other supporting structures. The parenchyma is thus opposed to the connective tissue framework, or stroma, of an organ. The parenchyma of the testis consists of what are called...
  6. Parenchymal Parenchymal
    Parenchymal: Pertaining to the parenchyma of an organ. See: Parenchyma....
  7. Parentalism Parentalism
    Parentalism: A parent's attitude of dominance over one or more children. For example, a parent stating "I'm the boss around this house" is a demonstration of parentalism....
  8. Parentectomy Parentectomy
    Parentectomy: A slang term meaning removal of a parent (or both parents) from the child. It is of relevance to the hospitalization of children. Dr. M. Murray Peshkin (1892-1990), the medical director of the Children's Asthma Research Institute and Hospital in Denver from 1940 to 1959, noticed that s...
  9. Parenteral Parenteral
    Parenteral: Entering the body not by the alimentary tract but rather by another means (such as the subcutaneous, the intramuscular, or often the intravenous route). From para- (Greek for "apart from") + enteral (from the Greek "enteron" meaning "intestine") = apart from the intestine....
  10. Parenteral nutrition Parenteral nutrition
    Parenteral nutrition: Intravenous feeding. Also called parenteral alimentation....
  11. Paresis Paresis
    Paresis: 1 Incomplete paralysis. 2 A form of neurosyphilis (syphilis affecting the central nervous system -- the brain and spinal cord). Also known as general paresis, neurolues, acute syphilitic meningitis, meningovascular syphilis, tabes dorsalis, and the great pox. First recognized in Europe as a...
  12. Paresis, general Paresis, general
    Paresis, general: A part of late ("tertiary") syphilis a decade or more after the initial infection, due to chronic inflammation of the covering and substance of the brain (meningoencephalitis) which results in progressive dementia and generalized paralysis....
  13. Paresthesia Paresthesia
    Paresthesia: An abnormal sensation of the skin, such as numbness, tingling, pricking, burning, or creeping on the skin that has no objective cause. Paresthesia is the usual American spelling and paraesthesia the preferred English spelling. Pronounced par·es·the·sia. From the Gr...
  14. Paricalcitol Paricalcitol
    Paricalcitol: A vitamin D analogue. Brand name: Zemplar. In 1998 paricalcitol was approved by the FDA for the treatment of hyperparathyroidism due to chronic renal failure. It causes less elevation of calcium than calcitriol, another vitamin D analogue and is associated with a lower mortality rate t...
  15. Parietal Parietal
    Parietal: Adjective from the Latin "parietalis" meaning "belonging to the wall" that the ancient anatomists used to designate the wall, as of a body cavity. For examples, there are the: Parietal bone -- the main side bone of the skull. Parietal lobe -- the main side lobe of the brain (it is beneat...