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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:

  1. Scler- Scler-
    Scler-: (Or sclero-) A confusing prefix that can refer exclusively to hardness (from the Greek "skleros" meaning hard) but that can also refer to the sclera of the eye. Sclerodactyly, for example, is localized thickening and tightness of the skin of the fingers or toes and scleroderma is disea...
  2. Sclera Sclera
    Sclera: The tough white outer coat over the eyeball that covers approximately the posterior five-sixths of its surface. The sclera is continuous in the front of the eye with the cornea and in the back of the eye with the external sheath of the optic nerve. The word "sclera" is from the Greek "skle...
  3. Scleredema Scleredema
    Scleredema: A dermatologic disorder characterized by hardening and thickening of the skin, typically over the face, neck, upper back, and shoulders or other areas of skin, but not over the hands or feet. Scleredema comes from scler- (hard) + edema (swelling). Scleredema should not be confused with s...
  4. Scleredema adultorum Scleredema adultorum
    Scleredema adultorum: A misleading term since scleredema can also occur in children. See: Scleredema....
  5. Sclerencephaly Sclerencephaly
    Sclerencephaly: A general term for scarring and shrinkage of the substance of the brain. Sclerencephaly occurs because of chronic inflammation of the brain matter....
  6. Scleritis Scleritis
    Scleritis: Inflammation of the sclera, the tough white outer coat of the eyeball. Classic scleritis affects the sclera itself and is not a benign disease. It may impair vision. The principal symptom is severe general head pain. Scleritis occurs in association with systemic collagen diseases s...
  7. Sclero- Sclero-
    Sclero-: (Or scler-) A confusing prefix that can refer exclusively to hardness (from the Greek "skleros" meaning hard) but that can also refer to the sclera of the eye. Sclerodactyly, for example, is localized thickening and tightness of the skin of the fingers or toes and scleroderma is disea...
  8. Scleroconjunctival Scleroconjunctival
    Scleroconjunctival: Pertaining to both the sclera and the conjunctiva. The sclera, a tough white outer coat that covers most of the back of the eyeball, is continuous in the front of the eye with the cornea. The conjunctiva is a clear moist membrane that covers the inner surfaces of the eyelids and ...
  9. Sclerodactyly Sclerodactyly
    Sclerodactyly: Localized thickening and tightness of the skin of the fingers or toes. Sclerodactyly is commonly associated with atrophy of the underlying soft tissues. The term "sclerodactyly" is made up of "sclero-" from the Greek "skleros" meaning hard and "-dactyly" from the Greek "daktylos" mean...
  10. Scleroderma Scleroderma
    Scleroderma: A disease of connective tissue with the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in the skin and sometimes also in other organs of the body. Scleroderma is classified into diffuse and limited forms. The CREST syndrome is a limited form of scleroderma. CREST stands for: C ... Calcinosis (t...
  11. Sclerokeratitis Sclerokeratitis
    Sclerokeratitis: Inflammation of the sclera, the tough white coat that covers most of the back of the eyeball and that is continuous with the cornea in the front of the eye....
  12. Scleromalacia Scleromalacia
    Scleromalacia: Degenerative thinning of the sclera, the tough white coat that covers most of the back of the eyeball and that is continuous with the cornea in the front of the eye....
  13. Sclerose en plaques Sclerose en plaques
    Sclerose en plaques: See: Sclerose en plaques....
  14. Sclerosing cholangitis Sclerosing cholangitis
    Sclerosing cholangitis: See: Primary sclerosing cholangitis....
  15. Sclerosing panencephalitis, subacute (SSPE) Sclerosing panencephalitis, subacute (SSPE)
    Sclerosing panencephalitis, subacute (SSPE): A chronic brain disease of children and adolescents that occurs months to often years after an attack of measles, causing convulsions, motor abnormalities, mental retardation and, usually, death. ...