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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «S»:

  1. Saturated fat Saturated fat
    Saturated fat: A fat that is solid at room temperature and comes chiefly from animal food products. Some examples are butter, lard, meat fat, solid shortening, palm oil, and coconut oil. These fats tend to raise the level of cholesterol in the blood....
  2. Sawbones Sawbones
    Sawbones: Slang name for a surgeon and, in particular, an orthopaedic surgeon (who may have "sawed bones" on the battlefield in days gone by). The term "sawbones" has been in use for many years, as in: "What, don't you know what a Sawbones is, Sir," enquired Mr. Weller; "I thought everybody know'd ...
  3. Sawyer's extractor Sawyer's extractor
    Sawyer's extractor: A device designed for first aid that suctions venom from the site of a bite of a poisonous snake or lizard....
  4. sBCC sBCC
    sBCC: Superficial basal cell carcinoma. A basal cell cancer of the skin that is superficial and has not infiltrated into deeper tissue. See: Basal cell carcinoma....
  5. Scabicide Scabicide
    Scabicide: A medication used to treat scabies. Although they were the most effective treatment, pyrethrin- based medications such as the lindane solution Qwell contain benzene, and are no longer generally recommended for use. ...
  6. Scabies Scabies
    Scabies: Infestation of the skin by the human itch mite, Sarcaptes scabies. The initial symptom of scabies are red, raised bumps that are intensely itchy. A magnifying glass will reveal short, wavy lines of red skin, which are the burrows made by the mites. Treatment is with any of several sca...
  7. Scabies, crusted Scabies, crusted
    Scabies, crusted: A severe form of scabies caused by delayed treatment of the initial infestation, characterized by mite-filled lesions covered with scabs. These lesions often fall victim to secondary infections, as with Staphylococcus bacteria. Crusted scabies is most common in people with im...
  8. Scaffold Scaffold
    Scaffold: 1. In genetics, the chromosome structure consisting entirely of nonhistone proteins remaining after all the DNA and histone proteins have been removed from a chromosome. 2. In genomic mapping, a series of contigs that are in the right order but not necessarily connected in one continuous...
  9. Scalded skin syndrome Scalded skin syndrome
    Scalded skin syndrome: A potentially serious side effect of infection with the Staph (Staphylococcus) bacteria that produces a specific protein which loosens the "cement" holding the various layers of the skin together. This allows blister formation and sloughing of the top layer of skin. ...
  10. Scale, Centigrade Scale, Centigrade
    Scale, centigrade: Thermometer scale in which the freezing point of water is 0°C and the boiling point of water at sea level is 100°C. The Centigrade scale is used around most of the world to indicate the temperature on a thermometer while the Fahrenheit scale is still obstinately in use in...
  11. Scale, Fahrenheit Scale, Fahrenheit
    Scale, Fahrenheit: Thermometer scale in which the freezing point of water is 32°F and the boiling point of water 212°F. The Fahrenheit scale is still obstinately in use in the US. This anachronism requires conversion from Centigrade (°C) to Fahrenheit (°F), and vice versa. One d...
  12. Scale, skin Scale, skin
    Scale, skin: A thin piece of the outermost layer of skin resembling a fish scale. They represent a heaping up of the outermost layer of the skin (the stratum corneum) and can be due to a variety of skin conditions, most frequently excessive dryness....
  13. Scales, body fat Scales, body fat
    Scales, body fat: See: Bioelectric impedance analysis....
  14. Scaling Scaling
    Scaling: Abnormal shedding or accumulation of an upper layer of skin (the stratum corneum)....
  15. Scalp ringworm Scalp ringworm
    Scalp ringworm: A superficial fungus infection of the skin, affecting the scalp. Also known as ringworm. It appears as scalp scaling associated with bald spots (in contrast to seborrhea or dandruff, for instance, which do not cause hair loss). It occurs most commonly in children, especially those in...