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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «T»:

  1. Trachoma Trachoma
    Trachoma: A chronic inflammatory eye disease due to infection with a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. Trachoma results in blindness so frequently that it places a huge burden a year on world health funding. The disease goes by a number of names such as sandy blight. The transmission of t5he ...
  2. Traction Traction
    Traction: In medicine, a procedure for manually pulling a part of the body to a beneficial effect. See traction, orthopedic....
  3. Traction, orthopedic Traction, orthopedic
    Traction, orthopedic: The use of a system of weights and pulleys to gradually change the position of a bone. It may be used in cases of bone injury or congenital defect, to prevent scar tissue from building up in ways to limit movement, and to prevent contractures in disorders such as cerebral...
  4. Traditional Chinese medicine Traditional Chinese medicine
    Traditional Chinese medicine: The current name for an ancient system of health care from China. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is based on a concept of balanced qi (pronounced "chee"), or vital energy, that is believed to flow throughout the body. Qi is proposed to regulate a person's spiritual,...
  5. Traditional midwife Traditional midwife
    Traditional midwife: A direct-entry midwife practicing within the confines of traditional folk medicine. Traditional midwives are now very rare in the US, but preside over the majority of births in many other countries. Most have no formal medical training, but instead learned as an apprentice ...
  6. Traditional oriental medicine Traditional oriental medicine
    Traditional oriental medicine: This is a sophisticated form of medicine comprised of many systematic techniques and methods, including acupuncture, herbal medicine, acupressure, qi gong, and oriental massage. The most striking characteristic of oriental medicine is its emphasis on diagnosing d...
  7. Training, cross Training, cross
    Training, cross: Doing two or more aerobic activities such as jogging, bicycling, and swimming on a regular basis....
  8. Trait Trait
    Trait: In genetics, a trait refers to any genetically determined characteristic. In technical terms, a genetic trait is amenable to segregation analysis rather than quantitative analysis. A dominant lethal trait is a trait that is expressed if present in the genome and therefore precludes having des...
  9. Trait, dominant lethal Trait, dominant lethal
    Trait, dominant lethal: A genetic trait that, if present in the genome of the individual, is expressed and therefore precludes the individual's having descendants. All such cases with a dominant lethal trait must necessarily be sporadic and must represent new mutations, not inherited ones because a ...
  10. Trait, sickle cell Trait, sickle cell
    Trait, sickle cell: A person who possess one copy of the gene for sickle cell anemia. This person carries the gene but does not have the disease. If two people with sickle cell trait have children together, each of their children has a one in four chance (25%) of having sickle cell disease. A person...
  11. Tranquilizer Tranquilizer
    Tranquilizer: In pharmacology, a drug that calms and relieves anxiety. The first tranquilizer, chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride (brand name: Librium) received FDA approval in 1960. Tranquillizers range in potency from mild to major, with increasing levels of drowsiness occurring as potency incre...
  12. Trans fat Trans fat
    Trans fat: An unhealthy substance, also known as trans fatty acid, made through the chemical process of hydrogenation of oils. Hydrogenation solidifies liquid oils and increases the shelf life and the flavor stability of oils and foods that contain them. Trans fat is found in vegetable shortenings a...
  13. Trans fatty acid Trans fatty acid
    Trans fatty acid: An unhealthy substance, also known as trans fat, made through the chemical process of hydrogenation of oils. Hydrogenation solidifies liquid oils and increases the shelf life and the flavor stability of oils and foods that contain them. Trans fat is found in vegetable shortenings a...
  14. Trans- (prefix) Trans- (prefix)
    Trans- (prefix): From the Latin meaning "across, over, or beyond." Medical terms containing "trans- " as a prefix include transcription, transfusion, transplant, transsexual, transurethral, transvaginal, transvestism, etc. ...
  15. Transaminase biochemistry Transaminase biochemistry
    Transaminase biochemistry: The transaminases are enzymes that catalyze chemical reactions in the body in which an amino group is transferred from a donor molecule to a recipient molecule. Hence, the name "transferase" can be applied to the transaminases because these enzymes facilitate a mol...