Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «T»:
Transverse: In anatomy, a horizontal plane passing through the standing body so that the transverse plane is parallel to the floor.
For a more complete listing of terms used in medicine for spatial orientation, please see the entry to "Anatomic Orientation Terms"....
Transverse fracture: A fracture in which the break is across the bone, at a right angle to the long axis of the bone.
Transverse myelitis: A disease of the spinal cord in which there is demyelination (erosion of the myelin sheath that normally protects nerve fibers). The onset of the disorder is typically sudden. Symptoms include back pain followed by ascending weakness in the legs. There is no cure. Many patient...
Transvestism: Dressing in the clothing of the
opposite sex. Transvestism is distinct from both transsexualism and
homosexuality. In psychiatry, it can be considered a paraphilia.
Also known as cross-dressing....
Transvestite: A person who dresses in the clothing of the opposite
sex, i.e., a person who cross-dresses....
Transvestitism: Transvestitism, or transvestic fetishism, refers to
the practice by heterosexual males of dressing in female clothes to produce or
enhance sexual arousal. The sexual arousal usually does not involve a real
partner, but includes the fantasy that the individual is the female partner...
Trauma: Any injury, whether physically or emotionally inflicted. "Trauma" has both a medical and a psychiatric definition. Medically, "trauma" refers to a serious or critical bodily injury, wound, or shock. This definition is often associated with trauma medicine practiced in emergency rooms and rep...
Trauma center: A specialized facility in a hospital that is designed to provide diagnostic and treatment services for trauma patients with physical injuries. Traumatology is the branch of surgery which deals with trauma patients.
"Trauma" is the Greek word for "a wound" (and also for "damage or def...
Traumatic alopecia: Hair loss caused by injury to the scalp.
Traumatic alopecia is usually caused by grooming methods that attempt to straighten the natural kinkiness of hair in order to make the hair more manageable. It is a result of stress traction injury from tight rollers and braiding as well ...
Traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injury: Brain damage from trauma. The three leading causes of death from traumatic brain injury relate to firearms, motor vehicles and falls. The leading causes of death differ by age group. Motor vehicles are the leading cause among youth from birth to 19 years of age. Firearms are ...
Traumatology: The branch of surgery that deals with trauma patients and their injuries.
Patients who have suffered significant physical trauma, as from a car accident, may be cared for in a trauma center, a specialized hospital facility designed to provide diagnostic and therapeutic services for tr...
Travel medicine: A branch of medicine that specializes in diseases and conditions that are acquired during travel. Travelers to different countries should be
aware of the potential for acquiring diseases and injury which are
not common in their own country. Immunizations, preventative
Travel-related disease: A disease to which travelers are susceptible specifically because of their travel. Travel-related diseases are the purview of travel medicine. Travel medicine is not really new but it began to flourish in the 1980's, due to the growing numbers of people traveling internationa...
Traveler's diarrhea: Diarrhea that
results from infections acquired while traveling to another
country. Among the causes of traveler's diarrhea are
enterotoxigenic E. coli and a variety of
Treacle: A medicinal compound once in wide use as an antidote to poisons. Treacle was a kind of salve. It was reputed to be a remedy against venomous bites in particular and against poisons in general. It also came to be considered a "cure" for cancer.
The word "treacle" descends from the Greek "the...